Other disadvantaged or vulnerable groups
While all persons should be progressively covered by social protection systems, under human rights law, priority should be accorded to ensure the most disadvantaged and marginalised groups are protected by social security guarantees. As noted by the CESCR in General Comment 19, “all persons should be covered by the social security system, especially individuals belonging to the most disadvantaged and marginalised groups, without discrimination”.
In the same vein, the national social protection floor is described as a system to guarantee income security and access to basic services throughout the life cycle with particular attention to the most vulnerable and disadvantaged. ILO Recommendation No. 202 calls on States to ensure that national social security strategies “support for disadvantaged groups and people with special needs” (para. 16).
Human rights monitoring bodies often call for the extension of social security guarantees to vulnerable and disadvantaged groups such as orphans and street children, victims of trafficking, minorities and internally displaced persons.1
Photo credit: “Faces of Nepal” by www.j-pics.info (CCBY 2.0 via Flickr).
- See the Concluding Observations of the Committee on the Rights of the Child: Andorra (2012), Concluding Observations on the Second Periodic Report of Bosnia and Herzegovina (2013), the Report of the Independent Expert on Minority Issues, Gay MacDougall’s Mission to Rwanda (2011) and the Report of the Representative of the Secretary-General on the Human Rights of Internally Displaced Persons, Walter Kälin’s Mission to Bosnia and Herzegovina (2005). ↩