Care responsibilities and unpaid care work

From a human rights perspective, social protection programmes should recognize the role of women as caregivers and the burden that this role can create. For example, when women are made responsible for complying with conditions attached to participation in a conditional cash transfer (CCT) programme (for example, taking children to medical check-ups or ensuring they go to school) or when they are required to travel (sometimes long distances) to collect the benefits or to participate in various stages of the programme, their domestic unpaid workload increases. If this is not expressly addressed in the programme design, the increased burden on women may further undermine their own welfare disincentivizing them from participating in the programme.

Sometimes, programmes that have not been designed with women’s care responsibilities in mind can even have a detrimental impact on girls’ schooling. For example, when a programme increases the time the mother spends away from home, girls are then required to assume their motherss responsibilities such as cooking or collecting water.

Photo credit: “Indian Family Waiting on the Bus” by Trey Ratcliff (CCBY 2.0 via Flickr).

Expert Commentaries

Enabling Aspirations, Realizing Rights: Social Protection for Adolescent Girls

Adolescent girls’ rights and their power to drive social change and achieve inclusive are crucial to sustainable human development. This recognition comes at a time of increased global interest in understanding and offering solutions to the challenges girls face as they enter the second decade of their lives. Aspirations and struggles frequently associated with being […]

Transformative Approaches to Care Responsibilities: Overcoming Obstacles to the Meaningful Participation of Women

The World Bank (WB) has called economic participation—that is, participation in the labour force—smart economics. Not all forms of participation in public life are smart economics according to the WB, though. The Bank’s World Development Report (WDR) 2012 values women’s voice in society and their political participation for themselves—a welcome (albeit limited) departure from their […]

Principles

Family and child benefits

Child and family benefits, in cash and in kind, play a particularly important role in realizing children’s rights and addressing their needs, particularly for the most vulnerable members of society. Evidence from many parts of the world demonstrates that social protection benefits have led to a marked improvement in children’s nutritional status. Cash transfer programmes […]

Legal Instruments

Constitución de la República del Ecuador.

En el Artículo 6, inciso 1 y 5 se establece que se promoverá la maternidad y paternidad responsable y la corresponsabilidad materna y paterna en el cuidado de los hijos. Por otra parte, en el artículo 333 se reconoce como labor productiva el trabajo no remunerado de autosustento y cuidado humano que se realiza en […]

Ley Orgánica de Discapacidades

Establece la protección y reconocimiento de los cuidadores y cuidadoras de personas con alguna discapacidad (art. 5; 16). Los cuidadores pueden gozar de beneficios de inclusión laboral como “sustitutos” de la persona discapacitada (art. 48). Se amplía el permiso de maternidad por 3 meses adicionales, en el caso del nacimiento de niñas o niños con […]

Ley Orgánica para la Justicia Laboral y Reconocimiento del Trabajo en el Hogar, que reforma el Código del Trabajo, la Ley Orgánica del Servicio Público y la Ley de Seguridad Social

Reconoce el trabajo no remunerado en los hogares: incorpora a las amas de casa al sistema de seguridad social, garantiza a las mujeres su derecho a jubilación, viudez, indemnización por discapacidad. Contempla también cambios al tipo de contratación, bonificaciones, estabilidad laboral, utilidades, da garantías en caso de despido de mujeres embarazadas y dirigentes sindicales, entre […]

Ley 8.726

Reforma del capítulo octavo del título segundo del Código del Trabajo, Ley 2. Ley del trabajo doméstico remunerado. Define a las trabajadoras domésticas como aquellas que brindan asistencia y bienestar a una familia o persona, en forma remunerada, y que se dedican a las labores de limpieza, cocina, lavado, planchado y demás labores propias de […]

Ley n° 9.220

De acuerdo al artículo 1, se crea la Red Nacional de Cuido y Desarrollo Infantil (Redcudi), con la finalidad de establecer un sistema de cuido y desarrollo infantil de acceso público, universal y de financiamiento solidario que articule las diferentes modalidades de prestación pública y privada de servicios en materia de cuido y desarrollo infantil, […]

Ley 1.413

La ley tiene por objeto incluir la economía del cuidado conformada por el trabajo de hogar no remunerado en el Sistema de Cuentas Nacionales, con el objeto de medir la contribución de la mujer al desarrollo económico y social del país (Art.1), y como herramienta fundamental para la definición e implementación de políticas públicas

Ley 20.535

Extiende el permiso a los padres contemplado en el artículo 199 bis, la persona que tenga a su cuidado personal, o sea cuidador de un menor con discapacidad debidamente inscrito en el Registro Nacional de la Discapacidad, o menor de 6 años, con el diagnóstico del médico tratante. También se extiende el permiso en caso […]

Decreto Supremo N° 1455

Se otorga el beneficio de “licencia especial” a todas las madres, padres, tutores y responsables que trabajen en el sector público y privado que tengan hijos menores de doce (12) años que requieran atención personal con motivo de un accidente grave o enfermedad grave.

Child Care Board Act

Chapter 381 of the Child Care Board Act of Barbados makes better provision for the care and protection of children.

Ley 24.716 Licencia para trabajadoras madres de hijos con síndrome de down

En el artículo 1 se establece que el nacimiento de un hijo con Síndrome de Down otorgará a la madre trabajadora en relación de dependencia el derecho a seis meses de licencia sin goce de sueldo desde la fecha del vencimiento del período de prohibición de trabajo por maternidad. En el artículo 2 se estipula […]

Resources

Investing in the Care Economy: Simulating employment effects by gender in countries in emerging economies

Increasing public investment in emerging economies would boost employment and contribute to economic growth and, depending on the form and location of the investment, contribute to enhancing human development and realizing some of the Sustainable Development Goals. This report makes a case for public investment in social as well as physical infrastructure. By social infrastructure […]

Investing in the Care Economy:  A gender analysis of employment stimulus in seven OECD countries

Increasing public investment would stimulate employment and economic growth and provide a more effective means of moving out of recession than current austerity policies. This report makes such a case for public investment that is in social as well as physical infrastructure. By social infrastructure we mean education, care and health services and more specifically […]

Challenges in Long-Term Care of the Elderly in Central and Eastern Europe

Long-term care of the elderly is an imminent policy issue for countries facing profound demographic transformations due to ageing. Central and Eastern European (CEE) countries face complex challenges in securing accessible, adequate and sustainable long-term care. While CEE countries anticipate a growing number of elderly persons in need of long-term care as a consequence of […]

Long-Term Care of Older Persons in India

Older persons, particularly the oldest-old, are the fastest growing population segment in India and many of them require or will require long-term care in the future. The paper discusses policies on population ageing in India, such as the National Policy on Older Persons and the National Programme for Health Care for the Elderly. It further […]

Health workforce: A global supply chain approach (ESS Working Paper No. 55)

Moving towards Universal Health Coverage (UHC) in the context of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) requires a sufficient number of workers producing and delivering health care such as doctors and nurses but also workers in other occupations, e.g. those concerned with administration or maintaining health facilities. However, currently there is a significant workforce shortage which […]

Policy Innovations for Transformative Change: Implementing the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development

World leaders have committed to transform our world and to leave no one behind in the quest for sustainable development. What needs to happen now to enable the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development to deliver on its transformative promise? Which policies and practices will lead to social, economic and ecological justice? Research presented in this […]

Financial Support for Single Parents in Caring for their Children: Private child support and social assistance

Public assistance in the Caribbean generally does not include special provisions for sole parents. Instead, such families—if they are fortunate—receive support through the limited general public assistance schemes.  The amount of benefits in Caribbean countries is likely to be lower than in developed countries in both absolute and relative terms. This short paper examines international […]

Women at Work: Trends 2016

This report provides the latest ILO data on women’s position in labour markets, examines the factors behind these trends and explores the policy drivers for transformative change. The report provides a picture of where women stand today in the world of work and how they have progressed over the past 20 years. It examines the […]

Social Protection and Care in the Sustainable Development Goals

Care and social protection are both explicitly mentioned in the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). However, the Goals fall short of addressing how gendered power relations can be an impediment to women being able to fully enjoy their human rights. Valeria Esquivel from UNRISD discusses how social protection can contribute to gender equality under the new […]

Redistributing Unpaid Care and Sustaining Quality Care Services: A prerequisite for gender equality

The centrality of care to sustainable development and its relevance for gender equality are now widely recognized by the global community. In “Transforming our world: The 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development”—also referred to as “Agenda 2030” —unpaid care appears as one of the targets under Sustainable Development Goal 5 (“Achieve gender equality and empower all […]

News

ECLAC’s New Care Law Database

ECLAC’s Gender Affairs Division recently compiled a database of all of the existing care laws in the constitutional and other domestic legislation in Latin American and Caribbean countries. The database contains information on more than 200 legislative bodies. These laws concern various care issues such as parental leave, extra-home care services, anti-discrimination in hiring, access […]