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Perspectives on tax reform in Brazil

Resources - Author: Marc Morgan / Year: 2019

There is no question that the salience of tax reform in Brazil is high. It has become common to point out the country’s low quality of public services and high level of taxes, at least from the view of the country’s “middle class” and poorer income groups. In this...

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Social Panorama of Latin America 2018

Resources - Year: 2019

El Panorama Social 2018 analiza temas cruciales para entender y actuar ante los desafíos estructurales que enfrentan los países de América Latina y el Caribe en la actual coyuntura económica y social, especialmente en el marco de las transformaciones en curso en los mercados de trabajo. Incluye nuevas revisiones...

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Pension Privatization and Reversal of Pension Reforms in Argentina (ESS Working Paper No. 64)

Resources - Author: Carlos Grushka, Fabio Bertranou, Luis Casanova, Oscar Cetrángolo / Year: 2018

This paper documents the reversal of pension privatization and the reforms that took place in the 1990s and 2000s in Argentina. The report analyses the political economy of different reform proposals, and the characteristics of the new pension system, including laws enacted, coverage, benefit adequacy, financing and contribution rates,...

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Reversing Pension Privatization: Rebuilding public pension systems in Eastern European and Latin American countries 2000-18 (ESS Working Paper No. 63)

Resources - Author: Fabio Durán-Valverde, Isabel Ortiz, Stefan Urban, Veronika Wodsak, Zhiming Yu / Year: 2018

From 1981 to 2014, thirty countries privatized fully or partially their public mandatory pensions; as of 2018, eighteen countries have reversed the privatization. This report: (i) analyses the failure of mandatory private pensions to improve old-age income security and their underperformance in terms of coverage, benefits, administrative costs, transition...

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Reversing Pension Privatizations: Rebuilding public pension systems in Eastern Europe and Latin America

Resources - Author: Carlos Grushka, Carmelo Mesa Lago, Dorottya Szikra, Elaine Fultz, Elena Maltseva, Fabio Bertranou, Fabio Durán-Valverde, Francisco Peña-Jarrín, Isabel Ortiz, Karlos Navarro Medal, Kenichi Hirose, Krzysztof Hagemejer, Luis Casanova, Luis Eduardo Díaz, Michał Polakowski, Oscar Cetrángolo, Saltanat Janenova, Stefan Urban, Veronika Wodsak, Zhiming Yu / Year: 2018

From 1981 to 2014, thirty countries privatized fully or partially their public mandatory pensions. Fourteen countries were in Latin America (by chronological order, Chile, Peru, Argentina, Colombia, Uruguay, Bolivia, Mexico, Venezuela, El Salvador, Nicaragua, Costa Rica, Ecuador, Dominican Republic and Panama), another fourteen countries in Eastern Europe and the...

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The Gendered Effects of Air Pollution on Labour Supply

Resources - Author: Guillermo Montt / Year: 2018

Air pollution affects workers’ ability to work by damaging their own health, but also by damaging the health of their dependents. This paper draws on 20 years of air pollution and employment data from Santiago, Chile, a highly polluted metropolis, particularly in fall and winter months. The paper finds...

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The Inefficiency of Inequality

Resources - Author: Esteban Pérez, Gabriel Porcile, Joseluis Samaniego, Martín Abeles, Martín Hopenhayn, Pablo Yanes, Simone Cecchini, Verónica Amarante, Wilson Peres / Year: 2018

Consistently with the emphasis that the Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean (ECLAC) has placed on equality since 2010, and in keeping with the purpose of leaving no one behind enshrined in the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, this document examines the mechanisms by which inequality erodes...

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The Inefficiency of Inequality (Summary)

Resources - Author: Esteban Pérez, Gabriel Porcile, Joseluis Samaniego, Martín Abeles, Martín Hopenhayn, Pablo Yanes, Simone Cecchini, Verónica Amarante, Wilson Peres / Year: 2018

Consistently with the emphasis that the Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean (ECLAC) has placed on equality since 2010, and in keeping with the purpose of leaving no one behind enshrined in the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, this document examines the mechanisms by which inequality erodes...

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Pension and Income Transfers for Old Age: Inter- and intra-generational distribution in comparative perspective

Resources - Author: Fernando Filgueira, Pilar Manzi / Year: 2017

This document provides a world comparative analysis regarding the design and reform of pension systems in order to improve coverage, equality and sustainability. It looks at how pension systems, rules and financing affect coverage, sufficiency, and distribution as well as fiscal and intergenerational sustainability and...

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Confronting Inequality: Social protection for families and early childhood through monetary transfers and care worldwide

Resources - Author: Cecilia Rossel, Fernando Filgueira / Year: 2017

This paper analyzes social protection policies for families and early childhood focusing on three main policies: family allowances and other types of monetary transfers for families with children, work leaves and early childhood education and care (ECEC) policies worldwide. It analyzes the design and reform of policies which protect...

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HIV/AIDS Policy of the Public Sector of Belize

Legal depository - Country: Belize / Year: 2007

The overall purpose of this policy is to promote the health, well-being and productivity of Public Officers by developing and implementing effective HIV/AIDS sustainable prevention, care and control programs; and eliminating stigma and discrimination on the basis of real and perceived HIV status. This Policy establishes a set of...

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Robot-lución: The future of work in Latin American Integration 4.0

Resources - Author: Alan Krueger, Alejandro Zamponi, Andrés Cadena, Antoni Estevadeordal, Ariel Coremberg, Arun Sundararajan, Beatriz Nofal, Bianca Pacini, Carl Frey, Carmen Pagés, Cristina Calvo, Dani Rodrik, Daniel Korn, Daniel Susskind, Diego Aboal, Gaaitzen De Vries, Gonzalo Zunino, Guanzhi Zhang, Gustavo Beliz, Hua Zhang, Inmaculada Martínez-Zarzoso, Irmgard Nübler, Jacques Bughin, James Manyika, Jianwen Huo, Jinyu Wu, Joe Gemma, John Van Reenen, José Manuel Salazar-Xirinachs, Laura Ripani, Luca Sartorio, Manuel Blum, Marcelo Cabrol, Martin Rhisiart, Mingming Guo, Noelia Romero, Robert Aumann, Robert Ivanschitz, Santiago Chelala, Senén Barro, Shuxi Yin, Susan Lund, Tang Jun, Walter Sosa Escudero / Year: 2017

This new edition contains the work of over 40 experts from different parts of the world, who analyze the risks that automation may pose to work and how this may affect integration and employment. More than 40 global experts imagine the future of work and integration of Latin America...

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Universal Social Protection Floors: costing estimates and affordability in 57 lower income countries (ESS Working Paper No. 58)

Resources - Author: Andrés Acuña-Ulate, Christina Behrendt, Fabio Durán-Valverde, Isabel Ortiz, Karuna Pal / Year: 2017

This paper presents the results of costing universal social protection floors in 34 lower middle-income, and 23 low-income countries, consisting of: (i) allowances for all children and all orphans; (ii) maternity benefits for all women with newborns; (iii) benefits for all persons with severe disabilities, and (iv) universal old-age...

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Assessing Fiscal Policies from a Human Rights Perspective: Methodological case study on the use of available resources to realize economic, social and cultural rights in Guatemala

Resources - Year: 2017

In 2009 the Center for Economic and Social Rights (CESR) and the Instituto Centroamericano de Estudios Fiscales (ICEFI) produced a report titled Rights or Privileges? Fiscal commitment to the rights to health, education and food in Guatemala. A collaboration between an international human rights organization and a Central American...

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