Institutional capacity and coordination


Ensuring adequate institutional capacity and efficient coordination is essential for the realization of the right to social security. Without adequate capacities and resources, it is impossible for any public administration to respect the principles of a rights-based approach. This includes well-trained staff, transparent and effective rules and procedures, appropriate accountability mechanisms, as well as effective coordination mechanisms to ensure the coherent and efficient delivery of social protection.


Photo credit: “Green bean farmer in Asawn” by USAID Egypt (CCBY 2.0 via Flickr).


Expert Commentaries

Organizing Civil Society and Promoting Universal Social Protection Systems: Perspectives from the Middle East and North Africa

Fragmented Social Protection Systems and Shrinking Civil Society Space The rationale for social protection policies in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region varies greatly across countries. Countries such as Tunisia and Morocco have relatively a well-developed rights-based approach to social protection in national policies, while in Yemen and Lebanon, the provision of social […]

Inter-sectoral Coordination, Social Protection and Human Rights: A virtuous circle

Social protection has become an ever more important policy discussion in the social development agenda. Significant advances have been made in the social protection field in the Americas and normative and institutional frameworks have been established within the countries to further strengthen social protection policies. Nevertheless, challenges still remain in developing and consolidating integrated and […]

Adopting Comprehensive, Coherent and Coordinated Policies in Social Protection: A View from the Americas

In the context of the principles of social protection, through the Social Charter of the Americas,1 the countries of the region acknowledge they have “a responsibility to develop and implement comprehensive social protection policies and programs, based on the principles of universality, solidarity, equality, nondiscrimination, and equity that give priority to persons living in conditions […]


Universal social protection for human dignity, social justice and sustainable development: General Survey concerning the Social Protection Floors Recommendation, 2012 (No. 202)

The ILO’s General Survey 2019 , compiled by the ILO Committee of Experts on the Application of Conventions and Recommendations (CEACR). The Survey (published under the title Universal social protection for human dignity, social justice and sustainable development) focuses on the ILO’s Social Protection Floors Recommendation, 2012 (No. 202), which calls for basic income security and essential healthcare […]

Understanding Multiple Trajectories of Extending Social Protection to the Poor: An analysis of institutional change in Kenya

Political economic analyses of recent social protection reforms in Asian, African or Latin American countries have increased throughout the last few years. Yet, most contributions focus on one social protection mechanism only and do not provide a comparative approach across policy areas. In addition, most studies are empirical studies, with no or very limited theoretical […]

Social Protection as a Human Right in South Asia

Social protection is variously seen as a right or poverty alleviation mechanism or shield from the vagaries of market. Although Bangladesh, India, Nepal, Pakistan and Sri Lanka have brought out various social protection programmes through policies, legislations, constitutional guarantees and so on, their comprehensiveness and implementation remain a challenge. In this backdrop, this article explores […]

Social Protection: A Key to a Fair Society

Social protection is essential for social justice and inclusion, strong democracies, equitable growth and resilience during crises. The components of social protection programmes have diverse shapes and historic and cultural backgrounds. They are influenced by demographic, geographic, and administrative requirements and need to be context and country specific. Governments around the world have committed to […]

Social Security for All. Investing in social justice and economic development

This paper sets out the policy vision of the ILO that underpins its activities in the context of the Global Campaign on Social Security and Coverage for All. The objective of this policy briefing is to contribute to the global debate between social security stakeholders, researchers, practitioners and decision-makers as to how to provide a […]

Social Security Governance: A Practical Guide for Board Members of Social Security Institutions in Central and Eastern Europe

This guide aims to promote social dialogue on social security reform and to encourage reforms that are well matched to national conditions while consistent with the standards for minimum adequacy, inclusiveness, and democratic governance embodied in the ILO social security conventions. Link to this page

Good Governance Guidelines for Social Security Institutions

The good governance guidelines seek to provide ISSA member organizations with guiding principles and practical guidelines on good governance. The guidelines begin by defining, for the first time, what ISSA means by “good governance”. The governance framework that underpins the guidelines aims to give the user an overview of the range of internal governance issues […]

Social Protection and Human Rights