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Perspectives on tax reform in Brazil

Resources - Author: Marc Morgan / Year: 2019

There is no question that the salience of tax reform in Brazil is high. It has become common to point out the country’s low quality of public services and high level of taxes, at least from the view of the country’s “middle class” and poorer income groups. In this...

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Mapping Just Transition(s) to a Low-Carbon World

Resources - Author: Diego Azzi, Dimitris Stevis, Dunja Krause, Edouard Morena, Hadrian Mertins-Kirkwood, Nicole Helmerich, Rebecca Shelton, Vivian Price / Year: 2018

Just Transition—the idea that justice and equity must form an integral part of the transition towards a low-carbon world—is increasingly being mobilized both to counter the idea that protecting the environment and protecting jobs are incompatible, and to broaden the debate to justice-related issues such as the kinds of...

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Universal Social Protection Country Cases

Resources - Year: 2018

Countries have used many options to finance universal social protection. Those options include: (i) re-allocating public expenditures (e.g., from financing public subsidies to financing specific programs); (ii) increasing tax revenues, including revenue generated from taxation of natural resources; (iii) using the reductions of debt or debt servicing; (iv) expanding...

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Industrial Relations in Emerging Economies: The Quest for Inclusive Development

Resources - Author: Aziz Çelik, Chang-Hee Lee, Eduardo Schneider, Janine Berg, Nicolas Pons-Vignon, Ratna Sen, Susan Hayter, Uma Rani / Year: 2018

This book examines industrial and employment relations in the emerging economies of Brazil, China, India, South Africa and Turkey, and assesses the contribution of industrial relations institutions to inclusive development. The book uses real-world examples to examine the evolution of industrial relations and of organised interest representation on labour...

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Human Rights in Times of Austerity (Brazil)

Resources - Year: 2017

One year into Brazil’s 20-year constitutional cap on public spending, the Center for Social and Economic Rights, the Instituto de Estudos Socioeconômicos (INESC) and Oxfam Brazil have presented new empirical findings to the Brazilian Congress that illustrate austerity’s already severe impact on basic social and economic rights in the...

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The Gendered Costs of Austerity: assessing the IMF’s role in budget cuts which threaten women’s rights

Resources - Author: Kate Donald, Nicholas Lusiani / Year: 2017

This briefing paper provides a brief assessment of the changing role of the International Monetary Fund (IMF or the Fund) with regards to one key fiscal consolidation measure: contractions in public expenditure. The briefing explores the Fund’s positive and negative influence over public expenditure decisions, and further explains how...

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Brazilian Fiscal Policy in Perspective: from expansion to austerity

Resources - Author: Rodrigo Octávio Orair, Sergio Wulff Gobetti / Year: 2017

This paper analyses the changes in orientation and composition of Brazilian fiscal policy, focusing on three recent periods and seeking to explore their relationship with economic performance. The first period (2005–2010) was characterised by fiscal expansion, with public investment and redistributive transfers as its main drivers. Economic performance was...

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Conditional Cash Transfer Programmes in Latin America and the Caribbean: Coverage and investment trends

Resources - Author: Bernardo Atuesta, Simone Cecchini / Year: 2017

This document analyses the evolution of the population coverage and investment of conditional cash transfer (CCT) programmes, which are poverty reduction initiatives, in the countries of Latin America and the Caribbean over the past 20 years. The analysis is based on up-to-date, detailed information from the database on non-contributory...

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Towards Universal Health Care in Emerging Economies: Opportunities and Challenges

Resources - Author: Ana Luiza d’Ávila Viana, Ankita Gandhi, Armando de Negri Filho, Asep Suryahadi, Athia Yumna, Ben Fine, Elizabeth Koechlein, Erik Martinez Kuhonta, Hudson Pacífico da Silva, Ilcheong Yi, Julia Buxton, Kinglun Ngok, Linda J. Cook, Marcus André Melo, Mingqiang Li, Neha Kumra, Piya Hanvoravongchai, Prapaporn Tivayanond Mongkhonvanit, Rebecca Surender, Santosh Mehrotra, Shufang Zhang, Stein Ringen, Susanne MacGregor, Vita Febriany, William Hsiao / Year: 2017

This book explores how political, social, economic and institutional factors in eight emerging economies have combined to generate diverse outcomes in their move towards universal health care. Structured in three parts, the book begins by framing social policy as an integral system in its own right. The following two...

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Lessons for the Universalization of Health Care in Emerging Economies

Resources - Year: 2017

This webinar explores the opportunities and challenges facing developing countries as they seek to expand and universalize their health care systems. Universal health care was once a central pillar of the welfare state, but the rise of neoliberalism in international policy discourse and practice eroded the support for universal...

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Health for All, All for Health: lessons from the universalization of health care in emerging economies 

Resources - Author: Ilcheong Yi, Kelly Stetter / Year: 2017

Achieving universal health coverage is integral to the central pledge of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development to “leave no one behind”. Meeting this target is about more than just having enough resources to incrementally expand health coverage to the entire population. This Brief provides policy makers with evidence-based...

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Ley 7.853

Legal depository - Country: Brazil / Year: 1989

Proporciona apoyo para las personas con discapacidad, su integración social a través del CORDE (Coordinación Nacional para la Integración de Personas con...

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Ley 8.921

Legal depository - Country: Brazil / Year: 1994

Establece modificaciones a las Leyes del Trabajo, indicando que no será considerada como falta, la ausencia del asalariado durante la licencia obligatoria de la trabajadora con motivo de maternidad o aborto, previa observación de los requisitos para la percepción del salario de maternidad costeado por la Previsión...

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Ley 9.799

Legal depository - Country: Brazil / Year: 1999

Introduce ciertas enmiendas encaminadas a corregir las distorsiones que afectan al acceso de la mujer al mercado de trabajo. Trata de evitar todo tipo de discriminación, entre otros, por razones de género. Protege la situación y el acceso o conservación del puesto de trabajo de la mujer...

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Ley 10.421

Legal depository - Country: Brazil / Year: 2002

Extiende a la madre adoptiva el derecho a licencia y salario por maternidad, modificando las Leyes del...

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Ley 11.304

Legal depository - Country: Brazil / Year: 2006

Permite al contribuyente que paga impuesto sobre la renta y emplear a una trabajadora doméstica, deducir de su declaración de impuesto a las ganancias conseguidas mensual del 12% a la Seguridad Social, en relación con la contribución del empleador. Regula los días de descanso y licencia por maternidad de...

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Decreto 6122/07

Legal depository - Country: Brazil / Year: 2007

Asegura a las trabajadoras desempleadas el derecho a la licencia de maternidad y el pago del seguro...

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Decreto núm. 6.690

Legal depository - Country: Brazil / Year: 2008

Dispone que serán beneficiarias del Programa las servidoras públicas federales de la Administración Pública Federal Directa, Autártica y Fundacional. Establece que dicha prórroga se garantizará hasta el final del primer mes después del parto y tendrá una duración de sesenta...

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