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Perspectives on tax reform in Brazil

Resources - Author: Marc Morgan / Year: 2019

There is no question that the salience of tax reform in Brazil is high. It has become common to point out the country’s low quality of public services and high level of taxes, at least from the view of the country’s “middle class” and poorer income groups. In this...

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Building Shock-Responsive National Social Protection Systems in the Middle East and North Africa Region

Resources - Author: Raquel Tebaldi / Year: 2019

The Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region is confronted by significant challenges resulting from multiple shocks and complex emergencies: countries in the region face various risks in terms of natural disasters, including earthquakes, floods and drought; violent conflicts, such as in Syria, pose unprecedented challenges related to the...

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Social Protection in Asia and the Pacific: Inventory of non-contributory programmes

Resources - Year: 2019

Social protection programmes are now widely recognised as key policy instruments for developing countries to combat poverty. The 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development has explicitly recognised the importance of implementing “nationally appropriate social protection systems and measures for all, including floors” as an explicit target under Sustainable Development Goal...

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The role of zakat in the provision of social protection: a comparison between Jordan, Palestine and Sudan

Resources - Author: Anna Carolina Machado, Charlotte Bilo, Imane Helmy / Year: 2018

Zakat is one of the five pillars of Islam and considered a religious duty for wealthy people to help those in need through financial or in-kind contributions. In Muslim-majority countries, it has a long tradition of being part of the provision of social welfare. Countries vary significantly in the...

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Overview of Non-contributory Social Protection Programmes in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) Region Through a Child and Equity Lens

Resources - Author: Anna Carolina Machado, Charlotte Bilo, Fabio Veras Soares, Rafael Guerreiro Osorio / Year: 2018

Through the definition of the targets of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), countries have acknowledged the importance of social protection for poverty reduction. Namely, target 1.3 of SDG 1, “End poverty in all its forms everywhere”, calls for the implementation of nationally appropriate social protection systems and measures for...

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Women at work: addressing the gaps

Resources - Author: Carolina Robino, Raquel Tebaldi / Year: 2018

Despite progress in education and health worldwide, women still face significant barriers to engage as full economic citizens. There are significant gender gaps in wages and labour market participation. In many cases, women also face barriers and lack the assets needed to become entrepreneurs. These inequalities remain large, persistent...

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Social Protection after the Arab Spring

Resources - Author: Abdel-Rahmen El Lahga, Alexis Lefèvre, Amina Said Alsayyad, Anna Carolina Machado, Arthur van Diesen, Atif Khurshid, Charlotte Bilo, Fabio Veras Soares, Flavia Lorenzon, Gabrielle Smith, Gisela Nauk, Kishan Khoday, Mahdi Halmi, Mario Gyori, Markus Loewe, Oscar Ekdahl, Rafael Guerreiro Osorio, Rana Jawad, Sarah Shahyar, Stephen Devereux, Verena Damerau / Year: 2017

When countries in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) achieved independence, formal social protection schemes established by former colonial powers were, to varying degrees, assimilated or mimicked by the State, particularly pension systems for government and formal-sector workers. These systems, however, have proven to be highly subsidized and...

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Building a Favourable Environment for Institutional Food Procurement Programmes: contributions from Mozambique

Resources - Author: Israel Klug, Luana F. J. Swensson / Year: 2017

The efficiency of institutional food procurement programmes (IFPPs) depends on a series of interconnected conditions to reach their stated goal of linking smallholders with institutional markets and demand (e.g. school meals). These programmes rely on governmental will and the availability of public demand. Furthermore, they require institutional changes and...

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Implementation of Decentralized Food Procurement Programmes and the Impact of the Policy, Institutional and Legal Enabling Environment: the case of PRONAE and PAA Africa in Mozambique

Resources - Author: Israel Klug, Luana F. J. Swensson / Year: 2017

The development and implementation of an efficient institutional food procurement programme (IFPP —which aims to link smallholder producers to institutional markets and promote development of food supply systems—is not a simple or straightforward task. It requires a series of conditions that must be coordinated and matched together. These conditions...

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Mainstreaming Graduation into Social Protection Floors (One Pager 324)

Resources - Author: Harshani Dharmadasa, Ian Orton, Lauren Whitehead / Year: 2016

With the recent adoption of the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), eradicating extreme poverty presents a major challenge for governments worldwide. Despite recent progress, 902 million people remain in extreme poverty. To attain the right to social protection for people living in extreme poverty and, simultaneously, Goal 1,...

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The Social Dimensions of Saudi Vision 2030: a paradigm shift (One Pager 361)

Resources - Author: Abdel-Hameed Nawar, Amina Saeed Elsayyad / Year: 2017

This One Pager explains that to address internal development issues in Saudi Arabia such as poverty, vulnerability and inequality, the Vision 2030 plan and its programmes have, inter alia, pointed to a number of specific goals, targets and policy measures to reduce social vulnerability, address labour market issues for women and promote...

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Brazilian Fiscal Policy in Perspective: from expansion to austerity

Resources - Author: Rodrigo Octávio Orair, Sergio Wulff Gobetti / Year: 2017

This paper analyses the changes in orientation and composition of Brazilian fiscal policy, focusing on three recent periods and seeking to explore their relationship with economic performance. The first period (2005–2010) was characterised by fiscal expansion, with public investment and redistributive transfers as its main drivers. Economic performance was...

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