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The role of zakat in the provision of social protection: a comparison between Jordan, Palestine and Sudan

Resources - Author: Anna Carolina Machado, Charlotte Bilo, Imane Helmy / Year: 2018

Zakat is one of the five pillars of Islam and considered a religious duty for wealthy people to help those in need through financial or in-kind contributions. In Muslim-majority countries, it has a long tradition of being part of the provision of social welfare. Countries vary significantly in the...

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Overview of Non-contributory Social Protection Programmes in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) Region Through a Child and Equity Lens

Resources - Author: Anna Carolina Machado, Charlotte Bilo, Fabio Veras Soares, Rafael Guerreiro Osorio / Year: 2018

Through the definition of the targets of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), countries have acknowledged the importance of social protection for poverty reduction. Namely, target 1.3 of SDG 1, “End poverty in all its forms everywhere”, calls for the implementation of nationally appropriate social protection systems and measures for...

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Social Protection after the Arab Spring

Resources - Author: Abdel-Rahmen El Lahga, Alexis Lefèvre, Amina Said Alsayyad, Anna Carolina Machado, Arthur van Diesen, Atif Khurshid, Charlotte Bilo, Fabio Veras Soares, Flavia Lorenzon, Gabrielle Smith, Gisela Nauk, Kishan Khoday, Mahdi Halmi, Mario Gyori, Markus Loewe, Oscar Ekdahl, Rafael Guerreiro Osorio, Rana Jawad, Sarah Shahyar, Stephen Devereux, Verena Damerau / Year: 2017

When countries in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) achieved independence, formal social protection schemes established by former colonial powers were, to varying degrees, assimilated or mimicked by the State, particularly pension systems for government and formal-sector workers. These systems, however, have proven to be highly subsidized and...

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