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Water and sanitation, migration and the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development

Resources - Author: Giselle Bernard, Guy Jobbins, Ian Langdown / Year: 2018

Key Messages Migration isn’t driven by a lack of water and sanitation services, but providing services can support successful migration. The barriers faced by migrants make achieving the SDGs’ ambitions of universal access more challenging. Challenges stem from failures in governance, not the amount of water available, numbers of...

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From principles to practice: A method for identifying income sufficiency when applying International Legal Standards (ESS — Working Paper No. 61)

Resources - Author: Sanjay G. Reddy / Year: 2018

This paper gives content to the idea of a minimum income as reflected in ILO Conventions and Recommendations. It also aims to provide some practical guidance as to how such minima can best be operationalized. The practical purpose of this analysis is to define a reference income level that...

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Innovative approaches for ensuring universal social protection for the future of work

Resources - Author: Christina Behrendt, Quynh Anh Nguyen / Year: 2018

Social protection systems around the world face challenges to provide full and effective coverage for workers in all forms of employment, including those in “new” forms of employment. While some emerging work and employment arrangements may provide greater flexibility for workers and employers, they may lead to significant gaps...

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The architecture of digital labour platforms: Policy recommendations on platform design for worker well-being

Resources - Author: Sangeet Paul Choudary / Year: 2018

Digital labour platforms connect workers with consumers of this work and provide the infrastructure and the governance conditions for the exchange of work and its compensation. Yet the architecture, or business model design, of digital labour platforms has important consequences for workers, affecting whether they are empowered or exploited...

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Growth and Inequality in Pakistan (Volume I)

Resources - Author: Hafiz Pasha / Year: 2018

The theme of the book is Growth and Inequality. These are the two fundamental problems with the economy of the Pakistan. The rate of economic growth has barely touched 5 percent over the last decade. Simultaneously, the economic and social structure have perpetuated high income, wealth and regional disparities....

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Inequality in Asia and the Pacific in the era of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development

Resources - Author: Alberto Isgut, Ermina Sokou, Mia Mikic, Patrik Andersson, Stefanos Fotiou, Sudip Ranjan Basu, Tiziana Bonapace / Year: 2018

Inequality in Asia and the Pacific is on the rise. Many countries, including those held up as models of dynamism and prosperity, have experienced a widening of existing gaps, accompanied by environmental degradation. Market-led growth alone is not sufficient to deliver a prosperous, sustainable future for all. This report...

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Innovative approaches for ensuring universal social protection for the future of work

Resources - Author: Christina Behrendt, Quynh Anh Nguyen / Year: 2018

Social protection systems around the world face challenges to provide full and effective coverage for workers in all forms of employment, including those in “new” forms of employment. While some emerging work and employment arrangements may provide greater flexibility for workers and employers, they may lead to significant gaps...

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The Aarhus Convention: an implementation guide

Resources - Author: Fiona Marshall, Helmut Gaugitsch, Jerzy Jendroska, Jonas Ebbesson, Stephen Stec / Year: 2014

The Aarhus Convention, which is open for global accession, offers powerful twin protections for the environment and human rights. It provides an effective model for ensuring public input in defining and implementing green economy programmes, in choosing the most appropriate road maps to sustainability and for increasing transparency and...

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Convention on Access to Information, Public Participation and Decision Making and Access to Justice in Environmental Matters

Legal depository - Year: 1998

The United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (UNECE) Convention on Access to Information, Public Participation in Decision-Making and Access to Justice in Environmental Matters  was adopted on 25 June 1998 in the Danish city of Aarhus (Århus) at the Fourth Ministerial Conference as part of the “Environment for Europe” process. It...

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Urbanization and Industrialization for Africa’s Transformation

Resources - Year: 2017

Despite the recent slowdown of the global economy and the weakening of Africa’s economic performance with the attendant implications for inclusion and sustainability, the long-term growth outlook for Africa remains promising. The region’s long-term fundamentals remain strong as the pace of growth stands to benefit from a demographic dividend...

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Beclouded Work in Historical Perspective

Resources - Author: Matthew Finkin / Year: 2016

The Comparative Labor Law & Policy Journal is publishing a collection of papers on the “gig” economy and labor law, edited by Valerio De Stefano of the International Labor Organization. This paper places what is seen as an innovation in a larger historical context. It compares “gig” work to the putting-out...

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Uber, Taskrabbit, & Co: Platforms as Employers? Rethinking the Legal Analysis of Crowdwork

Resources - Author: Jeremias Prassl, Martin Risak / Year: 2016

One of the key assumptions underpinning the rise of ‘crowdsourced work’ – from transport apps including Uber to online platforms such as Amazon’s Mechanical Turk – is the assertion put forward by most platforms that crowdworkers are self-employed, independent contractors. As a result, individuals might find themselves without recourse to worker-protective...

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The Rise of the ‘Just-in-Time Workforce’: On-Demand Work, Crowd Work and Labour Protection in the ‘Gig-Economy’

Resources - Author: Valerio De Stefano / Year: 2016

The so-called “gig-economy” has been growing exponentially in numbers and importance in recent years but its impact on labour rights has been largely overlooked. Forms of work in the “gig-economy” include “crowd work”, and “work-on-demand via apps”, under which the demand and supply of working activities is matched online...

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Introduction: Crowdsourcing, the Gig-Economy and the Law

Resources - Author: Valerio De Stefano / Year: 2016

The Comparative Labor Law & Policy Journal is publishing a collection of papers on the gig-economy and labor law, edited by Valerio De Stefano (International Labour Office and Bocconi University). This collection, entitled “Crowdsourcing, the Gig-Economy and the Law”, gathers contributions from several labour lawyers and social scientists to...

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The Future of Work in the ‘Sharing Economy’. Market Efficiency and Equitable Opportunities or Unfair Precarisation?

Resources - Author: Cristiano Codagnone, Fabienne Abadie, Federico Biagi / Year: 2016

This critical and scoping review essay analyses digital labour markets where labour-intensive services are traded by matching requesters (employers and/or consumers) and providers (workers). It focuses on digital labour markets which allow the remote delivery of electronically transmittable services (i.e. Amazon Mechanical Turk, Upwork, Freelancers, etc.) and those where...

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