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Beclouded Work in Historical Perspective

Resources - Author: Matthew Finkin / Year: 2016

The Comparative Labor Law & Policy Journal is publishing a collection of papers on the “gig” economy and labor law, edited by Valerio De Stefano of the International Labor Organization. This paper places what is seen as an innovation in a larger historical context. It compares “gig” work to the putting-out...

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Uber, Taskrabbit, & Co: Platforms as Employers? Rethinking the Legal Analysis of Crowdwork

Resources - Author: Jeremias Prassl, Martin Risak / Year: 2016

One of the key assumptions underpinning the rise of ‘crowdsourced work’ – from transport apps including Uber to online platforms such as Amazon’s Mechanical Turk – is the assertion put forward by most platforms that crowdworkers are self-employed, independent contractors. As a result, individuals might find themselves without recourse to worker-protective...

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The Rise of the ‘Just-in-Time Workforce’: On-Demand Work, Crowd Work and Labour Protection in the ‘Gig-Economy’

Resources - Author: Valerio De Stefano / Year: 2016

The so-called “gig-economy” has been growing exponentially in numbers and importance in recent years but its impact on labour rights has been largely overlooked. Forms of work in the “gig-economy” include “crowd work”, and “work-on-demand via apps”, under which the demand and supply of working activities is matched online...

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Introduction: Crowdsourcing, the Gig-Economy and the Law

Resources - Author: Valerio De Stefano / Year: 2016

The Comparative Labor Law & Policy Journal is publishing a collection of papers on the gig-economy and labor law, edited by Valerio De Stefano (International Labour Office and Bocconi University). This collection, entitled “Crowdsourcing, the Gig-Economy and the Law”, gathers contributions from several labour lawyers and social scientists to...

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The Future of Work in the ‘Sharing Economy’. Market Efficiency and Equitable Opportunities or Unfair Precarisation?

Resources - Author: Cristiano Codagnone, Fabienne Abadie, Federico Biagi / Year: 2016

This critical and scoping review essay analyses digital labour markets where labour-intensive services are traded by matching requesters (employers and/or consumers) and providers (workers). It focuses on digital labour markets which allow the remote delivery of electronically transmittable services (i.e. Amazon Mechanical Turk, Upwork, Freelancers, etc.) and those where...

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Digital Labour and Development: impacts of global digital labour platforms and the gig economy on worker livelihoods

Resources - Author: Isis Hjorth, Mark Graham, Vili Lehdonvirta / Year: 2017

As ever more policy-makers, governments and organisations turn to the gig economy and digital labour as an economic development strategy to bring jobs to places that need them, it becomes important to understand better how this might influence the livelihoods of workers. Drawing on a multi-year study with digital...

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Automation and Inequality: The changing world of work in the global South

Resources - Author: Andrew Norton / Year: 2017

This paper examines the relationship between rapid technological change, inequality and sustainable development. It asks how development processes can be shaped to provide decent, sustainable and inclusive work opportunities in low-income developing countries. In discussing this policy challenge, the paper seeks to stimulate thought and debate among a broad...

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The Impact on Women of Recession and Austerity

Resources - Year: 2015

This report looks at how women have fared through recession and austerity. It finds that while progress on some headline measures of gender equality has continued – the employment and pay gap have continued to narrow, for example – some women are facing new hardships and barriers to...

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How Technology Affects Jobs

Resources - Year: 2018

Developing Asia is forecast to expand by 6 percent in 2018, and by 5.9 percent in 2019. Excluding Asia’s high-income newly industrialized economies, growth should reach 6.5 percent in 2018 and 6.4 percent in 2019. With oil prices edging up and robust consumer demand continuing, inflation is poised to pick up...

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World Employment Social Outlook: Greening with Jobs (2018)

Resources - Year: 2018

While climate change mitigation measures may cause short-term job losses, the report shows that a just transition to a more sustainable economy offers much potential for job creation and the promotion of decent work. The report also looks at key issues linked with the path to a greener economy,...

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The Inefficiency of Inequality

Resources - Author: Esteban Pérez, Gabriel Porcile, Joseluis Samaniego, Martín Abeles, Martín Hopenhayn, Pablo Yanes, Simone Cecchini, Verónica Amarante, Wilson Peres / Year: 2018

Consistently with the emphasis that the Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean (ECLAC) has placed on equality since 2010, and in keeping with the purpose of leaving no one behind enshrined in the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, this document examines the mechanisms by which inequality erodes...

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The Inefficiency of Inequality (Summary)

Resources - Author: Esteban Pérez, Gabriel Porcile, Joseluis Samaniego, Martín Abeles, Martín Hopenhayn, Pablo Yanes, Simone Cecchini, Verónica Amarante, Wilson Peres / Year: 2018

Consistently with the emphasis that the Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean (ECLAC) has placed on equality since 2010, and in keeping with the purpose of leaving no one behind enshrined in the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, this document examines the mechanisms by which inequality erodes...

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Confronting Inequality: Social protection for families and early childhood through monetary transfers and care worldwide

Resources - Author: Cecilia Rossel, Fernando Filgueira / Year: 2017

This paper analyzes social protection policies for families and early childhood focusing on three main policies: family allowances and other types of monetary transfers for families with children, work leaves and early childhood education and care (ECEC) policies worldwide. It analyzes the design and reform of policies which protect...

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The Distribution of Gains from Globalization

Resources - Author: Marina Mendes Tavares, Valentin F. Lang / Year: 2018

We study economic globalization as a multidimensional process and investigate its effect on incomes. In a panel of 147 countries during 1970-2014, we apply a new instrumental variable, exploiting globalization’s geographically diffusive character, and find differential gains from globalization both across and within countries: Income gains are substantial for...

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An Economy for the 99%

Resources - Author: Deborah Hardoon / Year: 2017

New estimates show that just eight men own the same wealth as the poorest half of the world. As growth benefits the richest, the rest of society – especially the poorest – suffers. The very design of our economies and the principles of our economics have taken us to...

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Complementarities between the ASEAN Community Vision 2025 and the United Nations 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development: A Framework for Action

Resources - Author: Heinz Schandl, Lewis Akenji / Year: 2018

ASEAN countries have committed themselves to the implementation of two parallel but interrelated processes: the ASEAN Community Vision 2025 (ASEAN Vision 2025) and the United Nations 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development (2030 Agenda). From the outset ASEAN Member States underlined the complementarity of these two agendas in their efforts...

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