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Universal social protection for human dignity, social justice and sustainable development: General Survey concerning the Social Protection Floors Recommendation, 2012 (No. 202)

Resources - Author: ILO / Year: 2019

The ILO’s General Survey 2019 , compiled by the ILO Committee of Experts on the Application of Conventions and Recommendations (CEACR). The Survey (published under the title Universal social protection for human dignity, social justice and sustainable development) focuses on the ILO’s Social Protection Floors Recommendation, 2012 (No. 202), which calls for...

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Older Women’s Economic Empowerment: A review of the literature

Resources - Author: Lucia Rost / Year: 2018

Women’s economic empowerment has gained increasing attention within the global development agenda in recent years, bolstered by the adoption of a range of relevant targets within the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) in 2015. Yet the specific experiences of older women often remain underexplored and unrecognised, leaving them invisible to...

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Adolescents with disabilities: Enhancing resilience and delivering inclusive development

Resources - Author: Bassam Abu Hamad, Elizabeth Presler-Marshall, Jennifer Muz, Joan Hamory Hicks, Kassahun Tilahun, Kifah Bani Odeh, Letisha Lunin, Maria Stavropoulou, Nicola Jones, Paola Pereznieto, Sarah Baird, Workneh Yadete / Year: 2018

Around the world, there are between 93 million and 150 million children and adolescents living with disabilities. Most of those children (80%) live in the global South, where 80% of persons with disabilities live below the poverty line. Children and adolescents with disabilities are far more likely than their...

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The role and vulnerabilities of older people in drought in East Africa Progress, challenges and opportunities for a more inclusive humanitarian response

Resources - Author: Fiona Samuels, Georgia Plank, Veronique Barbelet / Year: 2018

Whilst older people have special needs, they also have unique skills, experiences and roles within their families, communities and societies. These roles continue to a certain extent during droughts, though household burdens may increase as younger adults have migrated or are grazing livestock further away. At the same time, droughts...

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‘Leaving no one behind’ through enabling climate-resilient economic development in dryland regions

Resources - Author: Eva Ludi, Guy Jobbins, Margherita Calderone, Moizza B. Sarwar, Rajeshree Sisodia / Year: 2018

‘Leave no one behind’ is a principle central to achieving the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. This policy briefing, based on five years’ research by the PRISE project, puts forward the view that governments, development partners and investors must prioritise investments to tackle poverty and climate vulnerability in dryland...

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The local economy impacts of social cash transfers: a comparative analysis of seven sub-Saharan countries

Resources - Author: Benjamin Davis, J. Edward Taylor, Karen Thome, Mateusz Filipski, Sudhanshu Handa / Year: 2016

Africa has taken centre stage in the use of social cash transfer (SCT) programmes to combat extreme poverty and vulnerability. Between 2000 and 2009, over 120 cash transfer programmes were implemented in sub-Saharan Africa, by both governmental and non-governmental institutions (Garcia and Moore, 2012). These programmes increasingly form part...

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The household and individual-level economic impacts of cash transfer programmes in sub-Saharan Africa

Resources - Author: Benjamin Davis, Paul Winters, Silvio Daidone, Sudhanshu Handa / Year: 2017

Results from seven recently completed rigorous impact evaluations of government-run unconditional social cash transfer programmes in sub-Saharan Africa show that these programmes have significant positive impacts on the livelihoods of beneficiary households. In Zambia, the Child Grant programme had large and positive impacts across an array of income generating...

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Myth-busting? Confronting Six Common Perceptions about Unconditional Cash Transfers as a Poverty Reduction Strategy in Africa

Resources - Author: Amber Peterman, Audrey Pereira, Benjamin Davis, Jennifer Yablonski, Silvio Daidone, Sudhanshu Handa, Tia Palermo / Year: 2017

In this paper we summarize evidence on six perceptions associated with cash transfer programming, using eight rigorous evaluations conducted on large-scale government unconditional cash transfers in sub-Saharan Africa, under the Transfer Project. Specifically, we investigate if transfers: 1) induce higher spending on alcohol or tobacco; 2) are fully consumed...

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Urbanization and Industrialization for Africa’s Transformation

Resources - Year: 2017

Despite the recent slowdown of the global economy and the weakening of Africa’s economic performance with the attendant implications for inclusion and sustainability, the long-term growth outlook for Africa remains promising. The region’s long-term fundamentals remain strong as the pace of growth stands to benefit from a demographic dividend...

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Digital Labour and Development: impacts of global digital labour platforms and the gig economy on worker livelihoods

Resources - Author: Isis Hjorth, Mark Graham, Vili Lehdonvirta / Year: 2017

As ever more policy-makers, governments and organisations turn to the gig economy and digital labour as an economic development strategy to bring jobs to places that need them, it becomes important to understand better how this might influence the livelihoods of workers. Drawing on a multi-year study with digital...

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Exporting, Importing and Wages in Africa: Evidence from matched employer-employee data

Resources - Author: Christian Viegelahn, Marta Duda-Nyczak / Year: 2018

This paper studies wages in exporting and importing firms of the manufacturing sector in Africa, using firm-level data and employer-employee-level data from the World Bank Enterprise Surveys. We find that exporters pay on average higher wages to their workers than non-exporters. Gains from economies of scale explain the positive...

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Child Vulnerability and Social Protection in Kenya

Resources - Author: Bjorn Gelders /

The definition of child vulnerability used in Kenya’s social protection sector was shaped in the early 2000s, when policymakers noted an increasing number of orphans as a consequence of the AIDS pandemic and developed the National Plan of Action for Orphans and Vulnerable Children (OVC). Kenya’s Cash Transfer for...

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Jobs, FDI and Institutions in Sub-Saharan Africa: evidence from firm-level data

Resources - Author: Adnan Seric, Christian Viegelahn, Sotiris Blanas / Year: 2017

Using a unique sample of foreign-owned and domestic firms in Sub-Saharan Africa, we study the differences in the quantity and quality of jobs that they offer, and identify how these differences are determined by country-level institutional factors. After controlling for numerous firm-level characteristics, we find that foreign-owned firms offer...

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Universal Social Protection Floors: costing estimates and affordability in 57 lower income countries (ESS Working Paper No. 58)

Resources - Author: Andrés Acuña-Ulate, Christina Behrendt, Fabio Durán-Valverde, Isabel Ortiz, Karuna Pal / Year: 2017

This paper presents the results of costing universal social protection floors in 34 lower middle-income, and 23 low-income countries, consisting of: (i) allowances for all children and all orphans; (ii) maternity benefits for all women with newborns; (iii) benefits for all persons with severe disabilities, and (iv) universal old-age...

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OPERA in Practice: strengthening implementation of strategic litigation in South Africa

Resources - Author: Allison Corkery, Cameron McConnachie / Year: 2017

Opera in Practice: Strengthening Implementation of Strategic Litigation in South Africa is a case study reflecting the Center for Economic, Social and Cultural Rights and the Legal Resources Center’s collaborative efforts to monitor, and hold the government accountable for, the implementation of court orders in the Madzodzo v Department...

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From Protection to Production (PtoP)

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The From Protection to Production (PtoP) project is a multi-country impact evaluation of cash transfers in sub-Saharan Africa. The project is a collaborative effort between the FAO, the UNICEF Eastern and Southern Africa Regional Office and the governments of Ethiopia, Ghana, Kenya, Lesotho, Malawi, Zambia and Zimbabwe. PtoP activities are mainly...

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Building a Favourable Environment for Institutional Food Procurement Programmes: contributions from Mozambique

Resources - Author: Israel Klug, Luana F. J. Swensson / Year: 2017

The efficiency of institutional food procurement programmes (IFPPs) depends on a series of interconnected conditions to reach their stated goal of linking smallholders with institutional markets and demand (e.g. school meals). These programmes rely on governmental will and the availability of public demand. Furthermore, they require institutional changes and...

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Adapting Fomento to countries in Sub-Saharan Africa

Resources - Author: Alan de Brauw, Kate Ambler / Year: 2016

Although one of the hallmarks of an effective development intervention is its successful implementation across a variety of contexts, programme replication is often overlooked. In a recent project, the International Food Policy Research Institute adapted a well-regarded Brazilian agricultural intervention, Fomento, for implementation and evaluation in two African countries,...

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