Social security provisions in the Constitution of Poland

Country: Poland
Year: 2009

Relevant articles:

  • Article 18

Marriage, being a union of a man and a woman, as well as the family, motherhood and parenthood, shall be placed under the protection and care of the Republic of Poland.

  •  Article 19

The Republic of Poland shall take special care of veterans of the struggle for independence, particularly war invalids.

  • Article 67

1. A citizen shall have the right to social security whenever incapacitated for work by reason of sickness or invalidism as well as having attained retirement age. The scope and forms of social security shall be specified by statute.

2. A citizen who is involuntarily without work and has no other means of support, shall have the right to social security, the scope of which shall be specified by statute.

  •  Article 68

1. Everyone shall have the right to have his health protected.

2. Equal access to health care services, financed from public funds, shall be ensured by public authorities to citizens, irrespective of their material situation. The conditions for, and scope of, the provision of services shall be established by statute.

3. Public authorities shall ensure special health care to children, pregnant women, handicapped people and persons of advanced age.

  •  Article 69

Public authorities shall provide, in accordance with statute, aid to disabled persons to ensure their subsistence, adaptation to work and social communication.

  • Article 71

1. The State, in its social and economic policy, shall take into account the good of the family. Families, finding themselves in difficult material and social circumstances – particularly those with many children or a single parent – shall have the right to special assistance from public authorities.

2. A mother, before and after birth, shall have the right to special assistance from public authorities, to the extent specified by statute.

  •  Article 72

1. The Republic of Poland shall ensure protection of the rights of the child. Everyone shall have the right to demand of organs of public authority that they defend children against violence, cruelty, exploitation and actions which undermine their moral sense.

2. A child deprived of parental care shall have the right to care and assistance provided by public authorities.

3. Organs of public authority and persons responsible for children, in the course of establishing the rights of a child, shall consider and, insofar as possible, give priority to the views of the child.

4. The competence and procedure for appointment of the Commissioner for Children’s Rights shall be specified by statute.

Link to compendium “The right to Social Security in European Constitutions: Compendium of provisions of European Constitutions related to the right to social security”

Link to Polish constitution (English and Polish)

Link to national study

Social Protection and Human Rights