Social security provisions in the Constitution of Italy

Country: Italy
Year: 2012

Relevant articles:

  • Article 30 – Parental Duties and Rights

It is the duty and right of parents to support, raise and educate their children, even if born out of wedlock.

In the case of incapacity of the parents, the law provides for the fulfilment of their duties.

The law ensures such legal and social protection measures as are compatible with the rights of the members of the legitimate family to any children born out of wedlock.

  •  Article 32 – Health

The Republic safeguards health as a fundamental right of the individual and as a collective interest, and guarantees free medical care to the indigent.

No one may be obliged to undergo any health treatment except under the provisions of the law. The law may not under any circumstances violate the limits imposed by respect for the human person.

  • Article 38 – Welfare

Every citizen unable to work and without the necessary means of subsistence is entitled to welfare support.

Workers have the right to be assured adequate means for their needs and necessities in the case of accidents, illness, disability, old age and involuntary unemployment.

Disabled and handicapped persons are entitled to receive education and vocational training.

Responsibilities under this article are entrusted to entities and institutions established by or supported by the State.

Private-sector assistance may be freely provided.


Link to compendium “The right to Social Security in European Constitutions: Compendium of provisions of European Constitutions related to the right to social security”

Link to Italian constitution (English and Italian)

Link to national study

Social Protection and Human Rights