Social protection global policy trends 2010-2015. From fiscal consolidation to expanding social protection: Key to crisis recovery, inclusive development and social justice

Organization(s): ILO
Author: ILO
Regions: World
Year: 2014
PDF of Resource

This policy paper: (i) examines IMF government spending projections for 181 countries, identifying two main phases: fiscal expansion (2008-2009) and fiscal consolidation (2010 onwards); (ii) presents the main adjustment measures considered since 2010 and their adverse socio-economic impacts in both high income and developing countries; (iii) analyses divergent trends in social protection across regions, focusing on the positive expansion of social protection floors in a majority of developing countries; (iv) reviews potential areas of fiscal space for the necessary extension of social protection systems; and (v) presents the developmental arguments to invest in social protection in pursuit of crisis recovery, inclusive development and social justice.

Link to this page

Related Key Issues

Topical issues

This section highlights some issues of current interests: 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development and development assistance Environmental sustainability, climate change and the green economy Financial crisis and consolidation/expansion measures Fragile states and post-crisis contexts Informality and transitions to formality New technologies and the gig economy Poverty, inequality and standards of living Domestic workers Workers in […]

Related Principles

Adequacy of Benefits

From a rights-based perspective, the level of benefits provided must be adequate. According to the CESCR’s General Comment 19 (para 22), “Benefits, whether in cash or in kind, must be adequate in amount and duration in order that everyone may realize his or her rights to family protection and assistance, an adequate standard of living […]

Adequate legal and institutional framework and long-term social protection strategies

A human rights-based approach to social protection requires grounding social protection systems in a strong legal and institutional framework. This should ensure both programme stability and the recognition of beneficiaries as rights holders. The need to provide for strong legal frameworks that clearly lay out entitlements, rights and obligations is provided for in Recommendation No. […]

Equality and Non-discrimination

Non-discrimination and equality are core elements of the international human rights normative framework. Article 2 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR) states that every human being is entitled to all rights and freedoms “without distinction of any kind, such as race, colour, sex, language, religion, political or other opinion, national or social origin, […]

Ensure Meaningful and Effective Participation

Meaningful and effective participation of rights holders must be a key component of any social protection system. This is what builds trust and public support behind schemes and ensures that there is a sense of ownership. The participation of right holders is important during the social protection policy making processes but also as regards the […]

Social Protection and Human Rights