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Making apprenticeships and workplace learning inclusive of persons with disabilities

Resources - Year: 2018

Governments, skills development institutions, employers and other stakeholders – including workers’ organizations and those of persons with disabilities – have a role in promoting a positive environment that allows persons with disabilities to be fully productive in the workplace. Examples from around the world demonstrate how disability-inclusive apprenticeships and...

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Quality Apprenticeships: Guide for Policy Makers (Volume I)

Resources - Year: 2017

The ILO Toolkit for Quality Apprenticeships is a resource to improve the design and implementation of apprenticeship systems and programmes. It provides a comprehensive but concise set of key information, guidance and practical tools for policy-makers and practitioners who are engaged in designing and implementing Quality Apprenticeships. The toolkit...

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Engaging Employers in Apprenticeship Opportunities: Making it Happen Locally

Resources - Author: Angela Attrey, Jonathan Barr, Paul Comyn / Year: 2017

This joint OECD-ILO publication provides guidance on how local and regional governments can foster business-education partnerships in apprenticeship programmes and other types of work-based learning, drawing on case studies across nine countries. There has been increasing interest in apprenticeships which combine on the job training with classroom-based study, providing...

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Universal Basic Income proposals in light of ILO standards: Key issues and global costing (ESS ─ Working Paper No. 62)

Resources - Author: Andrés Acuña-Ulate, Christina Behrendt, Isabel Ortiz, Quynh Anh Nguyen / Year: 2018

This paper reviews proposals for a Universal Basic Income (UBI) in light of ILO standards. Some UBI proposals have the potential to advance equity and social justice, while others may result in a net welfare loss. The ILO Social Protection Floors Recommendation (No. 202) includes a number of principles...

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From principles to practice: A method for identifying income sufficiency when applying International Legal Standards (ESS — Working Paper No. 61)

Resources - Author: Sanjay G. Reddy / Year: 2018

This paper gives content to the idea of a minimum income as reflected in ILO Conventions and Recommendations. It also aims to provide some practical guidance as to how such minima can best be operationalized. The practical purpose of this analysis is to define a reference income level that...

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Is biometric technology in social protection programmes illegal or arbitrary? An analysis of privacy and data protection (ESS ─ Working Paper No. 59)

Resources - Author: Magdalena Sepúlveda / Year: 2018

Social protection programmes require processing significant data amounts, including often-sensitive information such as household assets, health status and physical or intellectual disabilities. Increasingly, social protection programmes use unique, intimate biometric-technology data such as fingerprints, iris structure and face topologies. Inextricably linked to the individual body, they are more sensitive...

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Innovative approaches for ensuring universal social protection for the future of work

Resources - Author: Christina Behrendt, Quynh Anh Nguyen / Year: 2018

Social protection systems around the world face challenges to provide full and effective coverage for workers in all forms of employment, including those in “new” forms of employment. While some emerging work and employment arrangements may provide greater flexibility for workers and employers, they may lead to significant gaps...

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Toward more inclusive measures of economic well-being: Debates and practices

Resources - Author: Günseli Berik / Year: 2018

This paper reviews debates and practice around the conventional and alternative measures of economic well-being. It presents alternative aggregate indicators, broadly referred to as “Beyond GDP”, that track non-market contributions to well-being, including household production and ecosystem services. Evaluating the major contending measures–Genuine Progress Indicator, Human Development Index, Happiness/lifeevaluation...

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The architecture of digital labour platforms: Policy recommendations on platform design for worker well-being

Resources - Author: Sangeet Paul Choudary / Year: 2018

Digital labour platforms connect workers with consumers of this work and provide the infrastructure and the governance conditions for the exchange of work and its compensation. Yet the architecture, or business model design, of digital labour platforms has important consequences for workers, affecting whether they are empowered or exploited...

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Universal Social Protection Country Cases

Resources - Year: 2018

Countries have used many options to finance universal social protection. Those options include: (i) re-allocating public expenditures (e.g., from financing public subsidies to financing specific programs); (ii) increasing tax revenues, including revenue generated from taxation of natural resources; (iii) using the reductions of debt or debt servicing; (iv) expanding...

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Innovative approaches for ensuring universal social protection for the future of work

Resources - Author: Christina Behrendt, Quynh Anh Nguyen / Year: 2018

Social protection systems around the world face challenges to provide full and effective coverage for workers in all forms of employment, including those in “new” forms of employment. While some emerging work and employment arrangements may provide greater flexibility for workers and employers, they may lead to significant gaps...

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Eliminating and Preventing Forced Labour: Checkpoints app

Resources - Year: 2018

This mobile app allows business managers and auditors to create interactive checklists that will help them ensure a forced labour-free operation. There are 38 checkpoints in total – each one provides best-practice recommendations for taking action. A PDF version is also...

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Exporting, Importing and Wages in Africa: Evidence from matched employer-employee data

Resources - Author: Christian Viegelahn, Marta Duda-Nyczak / Year: 2018

This paper studies wages in exporting and importing firms of the manufacturing sector in Africa, using firm-level data and employer-employee-level data from the World Bank Enterprise Surveys. We find that exporters pay on average higher wages to their workers than non-exporters. Gains from economies of scale explain the positive...

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The Gendered Effects of Air Pollution on Labour Supply

Resources - Author: Guillermo Montt / Year: 2018

Air pollution affects workers’ ability to work by damaging their own health, but also by damaging the health of their dependents. This paper draws on 20 years of air pollution and employment data from Santiago, Chile, a highly polluted metropolis, particularly in fall and winter months. The paper finds...

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World Employment Social Outlook: Greening with Jobs (2018)

Resources - Year: 2018

While climate change mitigation measures may cause short-term job losses, the report shows that a just transition to a more sustainable economy offers much potential for job creation and the promotion of decent work. The report also looks at key issues linked with the path to a greener economy,...

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Improving the Safety and Health of Young Workers

Resources - Year: 2018

The ILO has prepared this brief for the 2018 World Day for Safety and Health at Work, which aims to promote a safe and healthy generation. The goals of the brief are to describe the OSH risks faced by young workers and to encourage a global conversation on the...

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Social Protection for Indigenous Peoples

Resources - Year: 2018

Men, women and children from indigenous peoples are estimated to represent 4.5 per cent of the world’s population. They constitute more than 5,000 different groups with distinct cultures, forms of social organization, livelihood strategies, practices, notions of poverty and wellbeing, values, and beliefs profoundly embedded in their collective relationship with...

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