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Second-pillar Pension: Re-reforms in Bulgaria, Croatia, Estonia, Latvia, Macedonia, Romania, and Slovakia Benefit Payouts amidst Continuing Retrenchment (ESS Working Paper No. 72)

Resources - Author: Elaine Fultz, Kenichi Hirose / Year: 2018

Most analyses of Central and Eastern Europe’s (CEE) second-pension pillars focus on Hungary and Poland, the first CEE governments to establish such pillars (1997-1999) and the first to retrench them (2010-2011). However, as the regional front-runners in second-pillar creation and termination, Hungary and Poland differ in some important ways...

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Reversing Pension Privatization: The Case of Polish Pension Reform and Re-Reforms (ESS Working Paper No. 68)

Resources - Author: Krzysztof Hagemejer, Michał Polakowski / Year: 2018

This paper documents the reversal of pension privatization and the reforms that took place in the 1990s and 2000s in Poland. The report analyses the political economy of different reform proposals, and the characteristics of the new pension system, including laws enacted, coverage, benefit adequacy, financing and contribution rates,...

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Pension Privatization and Reversal of Pension Reforms in Argentina (ESS Working Paper No. 64)

Resources - Author: Carlos Grushka, Fabio Bertranou, Luis Casanova, Oscar Cetrángolo / Year: 2018

This paper documents the reversal of pension privatization and the reforms that took place in the 1990s and 2000s in Argentina. The report analyses the political economy of different reform proposals, and the characteristics of the new pension system, including laws enacted, coverage, benefit adequacy, financing and contribution rates,...

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Reversing Pension Privatization: Rebuilding public pension systems in Eastern European and Latin American countries 2000-18 (ESS Working Paper No. 63)

Resources - Author: Fabio Durán-Valverde, Isabel Ortiz, Stefan Urban, Veronika Wodsak, Zhiming Yu / Year: 2018

From 1981 to 2014, thirty countries privatized fully or partially their public mandatory pensions; as of 2018, eighteen countries have reversed the privatization. This report: (i) analyses the failure of mandatory private pensions to improve old-age income security and their underperformance in terms of coverage, benefits, administrative costs, transition...

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Reversing Pension Privatizations: Rebuilding public pension systems in Eastern Europe and Latin America

Resources - Author: Carlos Grushka, Carmelo Mesa Lago, Dorottya Szikra, Elaine Fultz, Elena Maltseva, Fabio Bertranou, Fabio Durán-Valverde, Francisco Peña-Jarrín, Isabel Ortiz, Karlos Navarro Medal, Kenichi Hirose, Krzysztof Hagemejer, Luis Casanova, Luis Eduardo Díaz, Michał Polakowski, Oscar Cetrángolo, Saltanat Janenova, Stefan Urban, Veronika Wodsak, Zhiming Yu / Year: 2018

From 1981 to 2014, thirty countries privatized fully or partially their public mandatory pensions. Fourteen countries were in Latin America (by chronological order, Chile, Peru, Argentina, Colombia, Uruguay, Bolivia, Mexico, Venezuela, El Salvador, Nicaragua, Costa Rica, Ecuador, Dominican Republic and Panama), another fourteen countries in Eastern Europe and the...

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Making apprenticeships and workplace learning inclusive of persons with disabilities

Resources - Year: 2018

Governments, skills development institutions, employers and other stakeholders – including workers’ organizations and those of persons with disabilities – have a role in promoting a positive environment that allows persons with disabilities to be fully productive in the workplace. Examples from around the world demonstrate how disability-inclusive apprenticeships and...

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Quality Apprenticeships: Guide for Policy Makers (Volume I)

Resources - Year: 2017

The ILO Toolkit for Quality Apprenticeships is a resource to improve the design and implementation of apprenticeship systems and programmes. It provides a comprehensive but concise set of key information, guidance and practical tools for policy-makers and practitioners who are engaged in designing and implementing Quality Apprenticeships. The toolkit...

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Engaging Employers in Apprenticeship Opportunities: Making it Happen Locally

Resources - Author: Angela Attrey, Jonathan Barr, Paul Comyn / Year: 2017

This joint OECD-ILO publication provides guidance on how local and regional governments can foster business-education partnerships in apprenticeship programmes and other types of work-based learning, drawing on case studies across nine countries. There has been increasing interest in apprenticeships which combine on the job training with classroom-based study, providing...

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Universal Basic Income proposals in light of ILO standards: Key issues and global costing (ESS ─ Working Paper No. 62)

Resources - Author: Andrés Acuña-Ulate, Christina Behrendt, Isabel Ortiz, Quynh Anh Nguyen / Year: 2018

This paper reviews proposals for a Universal Basic Income (UBI) in light of ILO standards. Some UBI proposals have the potential to advance equity and social justice, while others may result in a net welfare loss. The ILO Social Protection Floors Recommendation (No. 202) includes a number of principles...

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From principles to practice: A method for identifying income sufficiency when applying International Legal Standards (ESS — Working Paper No. 61)

Resources - Author: Sanjay G. Reddy / Year: 2018

This paper gives content to the idea of a minimum income as reflected in ILO Conventions and Recommendations. It also aims to provide some practical guidance as to how such minima can best be operationalized. The practical purpose of this analysis is to define a reference income level that...

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Is biometric technology in social protection programmes illegal or arbitrary? An analysis of privacy and data protection (ESS ─ Working Paper No. 59)

Resources - Author: Magdalena Sepúlveda / Year: 2018

Social protection programmes require processing significant data amounts, including often-sensitive information such as household assets, health status and physical or intellectual disabilities. Increasingly, social protection programmes use unique, intimate biometric-technology data such as fingerprints, iris structure and face topologies. Inextricably linked to the individual body, they are more sensitive...

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Innovative approaches for ensuring universal social protection for the future of work

Resources - Author: Christina Behrendt, Quynh Anh Nguyen / Year: 2018

Social protection systems around the world face challenges to provide full and effective coverage for workers in all forms of employment, including those in “new” forms of employment. While some emerging work and employment arrangements may provide greater flexibility for workers and employers, they may lead to significant gaps...

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Toward more inclusive measures of economic well-being: Debates and practices

Resources - Author: Günseli Berik / Year: 2018

This paper reviews debates and practice around the conventional and alternative measures of economic well-being. It presents alternative aggregate indicators, broadly referred to as “Beyond GDP”, that track non-market contributions to well-being, including household production and ecosystem services. Evaluating the major contending measures–Genuine Progress Indicator, Human Development Index, Happiness/lifeevaluation...

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The architecture of digital labour platforms: Policy recommendations on platform design for worker well-being

Resources - Author: Sangeet Paul Choudary / Year: 2018

Digital labour platforms connect workers with consumers of this work and provide the infrastructure and the governance conditions for the exchange of work and its compensation. Yet the architecture, or business model design, of digital labour platforms has important consequences for workers, affecting whether they are empowered or exploited...

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