Environmental sustainability, climate change and the green economy


The link between climate change, economical scarcity and poverty is straightforward. The world’s poor are especially prone to natural disasters given the fact that in many cases their livelihoods are directly dependent on natural resources. Moving towards a green economy is expected to improve the living conditions of the poor in the long run. By securing livelihoods and promoting sustainable jobs, the green economy can eradicate poverty and reduce vulnerability across a range of sectors (eg. fishery, agriculture, forestry).

Social protection can enhance resilience of people and protect them from the negative impacts of climate change and can facilitate transitions to more sustainable economies.


Photo credit: “Sustainability” by Kyle MacKenzie (CCBY 2.0 via Flickr).


Policy Innovations for Transformative Change: Implementing the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development

World leaders have committed to transform our world and to leave no one behind in the quest for sustainable development. What needs to happen now to enable the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development to deliver on its transformative promise? Which policies and practices will lead to social, economic and ecological justice? Research presented in this […]

Guidelines for a just transition towards environmentally sustainable economies and societies for all

The Guidelines for a just transition towards environmentally sustainable economies and societies for all are both a policy framework and a practical tool to help countries at all levels of development manage the transition to low-carbon economies and can also help them achieve their Intended Nationally Determined Contributions (INDCs) and the 2030 Sustainable Development Goals. […]

Can Emergency Cash Transfers ‘Piggyback’ on Existing Social Protection Programmes?

This background note focuses on the current discussion among actors in the humanitarian and social protection sectors regarding the use of existing social protection programmes to provide an emergency response. It outlines the overlaps between social protection and humanitarian responses, considers a range of recent examples from low- and middle-income countries and sets out a […]

Megatrends and social security: Climate change and natural resource scarcity

This report consists of two parts. The first part was prepared under the authorship of the Global Sustainability Institute (GSI) and reflects the latest research and views of the Institute. It considers the issues of climate change and natural resources scarcity as well as their potential impacts on society and social security systems. The second […]

Working towards sustainable development: Opportunities for decent work and social inclusion in a green economy

This joint ILO/UNEP study shows that, if accompanied by the right policy mix, a green economy can also create more and better jobs, lift people out of poverty and promote social inclusion. It also demonstrates that employment and social inclusion must be an integral part of any sustainable development strategy. [LINK]

Sustainable development, decent work and green jobs

This report addresses two of the defining challenges of the twenty-first century: achieving environmental sustainability and turning the vision of decent work for all into a reality. It shows that not only are both challenges urgent, but they are also intimately linked and will have to be addressed together. While it is certain that environmental […]

One planet to share: sustaining human progress in a changing climate: Asia-Pacific Human Development Report

The Asia-Pacific Regional Human Development Report (APHDR) is an important resource and instrument to explore critical development concerns. The Report informs policies and actions from a human development perspective, putting people at the centre of development debates. As a regional public good, the APHDR focuses on issues that are of common concern to several countries […]