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Material Hardship among Nonelderly Adults and Their Families in 2017: Implications for the Safety Net

Resources - Author: Dulce Gonzalez, Michael Karpman, Stephen Zuckerman / Year: 2018

Federal and state policymakers are weighing changes to federal programs that help low-income people meet their basic needs for food, medical care, and shelter. As policymakers consider these changes to the public safety net, they run the risk of increasing material hardship, which could have detrimental short- and long-term...

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Drinking Water, Sanitation and Hygiene in Schools: Global baseline report 2018

Resources - Year: 2018

The World Health Organization (WHO) and the United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF) are responsible for monitoring global progress towards water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) related Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) targets. The global effort to achieve sanitation and water for all by 2030 is extending beyond the household to include institutional...

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The role of zakat in the provision of social protection: a comparison between Jordan, Palestine and Sudan

Resources - Author: Anna Carolina Machado, Charlotte Bilo, Imane Helmy / Year: 2018

Zakat is one of the five pillars of Islam and considered a religious duty for wealthy people to help those in need through financial or in-kind contributions. In Muslim-majority countries, it has a long tradition of being part of the provision of social welfare. Countries vary significantly in the...

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How Does Resilience Change over Time? Tracking post-disaster recovery using mobile phone surveys

Resources - Author: Lindsey Jones; Paola Ballon; Johannes von Engelhardt / Year: 2018

Knowing how climate hazards affect people’s resilience over time is crucial in designing more effective development and humanitarian interventions. This is particularly important in post-disaster contexts, where people’s livelihood opportunities and wellbeing changes rapidly during the long road to recovery. Yet, to date, our knowledge of resilience is largely...

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A contemporary view of ‘family’ in international human rights law and implications for the SDGs

Resources - Author: Magdalena Sepúlveda / Year: 2018

This paper examines the interplay between the obligations related to the ‘family’ that States have assumed through various human rights treaties adopted over the decades, and the recent commitments undertaken under the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. International human rights instruments recognize the ‘family; as the fundamental unit of society...

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Making apprenticeships and workplace learning inclusive of persons with disabilities

Resources - Year: 2018

Governments, skills development institutions, employers and other stakeholders – including workers’ organizations and those of persons with disabilities – have a role in promoting a positive environment that allows persons with disabilities to be fully productive in the workplace. Examples from around the world demonstrate how disability-inclusive apprenticeships and...

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Adolescents with disabilities: Enhancing resilience and delivering inclusive development

Resources - Author: Bassam Abu Hamad, Elizabeth Presler-Marshall, Jennifer Muz, Joan Hamory Hicks, Kassahun Tilahun, Kifah Bani Odeh, Letisha Lunin, Maria Stavropoulou, Nicola Jones, Paola Pereznieto, Sarah Baird, Workneh Yadete / Year: 2018

Around the world, there are between 93 million and 150 million children and adolescents living with disabilities. Most of those children (80%) live in the global South, where 80% of persons with disabilities live below the poverty line. Children and adolescents with disabilities are far more likely than their...

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The role and vulnerabilities of older people in drought in East Africa Progress, challenges and opportunities for a more inclusive humanitarian response

Resources - Author: Fiona Samuels, Georgia Plank, Veronique Barbelet / Year: 2018

Whilst older people have special needs, they also have unique skills, experiences and roles within their families, communities and societies. These roles continue to a certain extent during droughts, though household burdens may increase as younger adults have migrated or are grazing livestock further away. At the same time, droughts...

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Water and sanitation, migration and the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development

Resources - Author: Giselle Bernard, Guy Jobbins, Ian Langdown / Year: 2018

Key Messages Migration isn’t driven by a lack of water and sanitation services, but providing services can support successful migration. The barriers faced by migrants make achieving the SDGs’ ambitions of universal access more challenging. Challenges stem from failures in governance, not the amount of water available, numbers of...

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The household and individual-level economic impacts of cash transfer programmes in sub-Saharan Africa

Resources - Author: Benjamin Davis, Paul Winters, Silvio Daidone, Sudhanshu Handa / Year: 2017

Results from seven recently completed rigorous impact evaluations of government-run unconditional social cash transfer programmes in sub-Saharan Africa show that these programmes have significant positive impacts on the livelihoods of beneficiary households. In Zambia, the Child Grant programme had large and positive impacts across an array of income generating...

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Qualitative research and analyses of the economic impacts of cash transfer programmes in Sub-Saharan Africa

Resources - Author: Jeremy Holland, Mosope Otulana, Pamela Pozarny, Simon Brook, Valentina Barca / Year: 2015

Support for (CT) programmes has been growing in sub-Saharan Africa over the last ten years. Since late 2004, the African Union has provided encouragement to countries to develop their own social policy frameworks, with a Plan of Action supported by governments that commits member states to expanding and empowering...

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Myth-busting? Confronting Six Common Perceptions about Unconditional Cash Transfers as a Poverty Reduction Strategy in Africa

Resources - Author: Amber Peterman, Audrey Pereira, Benjamin Davis, Jennifer Yablonski, Silvio Daidone, Sudhanshu Handa, Tia Palermo / Year: 2017

In this paper we summarize evidence on six perceptions associated with cash transfer programming, using eight rigorous evaluations conducted on large-scale government unconditional cash transfers in sub-Saharan Africa, under the Transfer Project. Specifically, we investigate if transfers: 1) induce higher spending on alcohol or tobacco; 2) are fully consumed...

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Universal Basic Income proposals in light of ILO standards: Key issues and global costing (ESS ─ Working Paper No. 62)

Resources - Author: Andrés Acuña-Ulate, Christina Behrendt, Isabel Ortiz, Quynh Anh Nguyen / Year: 2018

This paper reviews proposals for a Universal Basic Income (UBI) in light of ILO standards. Some UBI proposals have the potential to advance equity and social justice, while others may result in a net welfare loss. The ILO Social Protection Floors Recommendation (No. 202) includes a number of principles...

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