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How Secure Is Employment at Older Ages?

Resources - Author: Peter Gosselin, Richard W. Johnson / Year: 2018

Tracking older adults in the Health and Retirement Study from 1992 to 2016, we find that about one-half of full-time, full-year workers ages 51 to 54 experience an employer-related involuntary job separation after age 50 that substantially reduces earnings for years or leads to long-term unemployment. The steady earnings...

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The State of Social Enterprises in Sri Lanka

Resources - Year: 2018

This report presents the findings of a recent study on social enterprises in Sri Lanka. The study used a combination of desk research, interviews with expert stakeholders and a survey of social enterprises, which engaged representatives from a diverse range of industries and sectors across the country. For the...

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The State of Social Enterprise in Kenya

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In Kenya, where the youth unemployment rate is 25 per cent, 65 per cent of all social enterprises seek to create employment opportunities and the sector provides significant leadership opportunities for young people and women. Moreover, one in ten Kenyan social enterprise operates...

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The Humanitarian Metadata Problem: “Doing no harm” in the digital era

Resources - Author: Ailidh Callandar, Alexandrine Pirlot de Corbion, Dr Gus Hosein, Dr Tom Fisher, Ed Geraghty, Tina Bouffet / Year: 2018

New technologies continue to present great risks and opportunities for humanitarian action. To ensure that their use does not result in any harm, humanitarian organisations must develop and implement appropriate data protection standards, including robust risk assessments. However, this requires a good understanding of what these technologies are, what...

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Mapping Just Transition(s) to a Low-Carbon World

Resources - Author: Diego Azzi, Dimitris Stevis, Dunja Krause, Edouard Morena, Hadrian Mertins-Kirkwood, Nicole Helmerich, Rebecca Shelton, Vivian Price / Year: 2018

Just Transition—the idea that justice and equity must form an integral part of the transition towards a low-carbon world—is increasingly being mobilized both to counter the idea that protecting the environment and protecting jobs are incompatible, and to broaden the debate to justice-related issues such as the kinds of...

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Social Protection, Food Security and Nutrition in Six African Countries

Resources - Author: Jonas Nzabamwita, Stephen Devereux / Year: 2018

Evaluations of social protection interventions across Africa often register significant success in improving household food security indicators, but little or no improvement in individual nutritional outcomes. One reason is under-coverage of poor people; another is the low value of social transfers. This paper reviews experiences with social protection in...

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The Role of Cash Transfers in Social Protection, Humanitarian Response and Shock- Responsive Social Protection

Resources - Author: Daniel Longhurst, Keetie Roelen, Rachel Sabates-Wheeler / Year: 2018

Cash transfers have expanded rapidly in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) around the world in the past decade. The contexts in which they are implemented have also diversified; while cash transfers were mostly adopted initially as central elements of social protection systems, they have become increasingly popular as a...

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Social Protection and Humanitarian Response: What is the Scope for Integration?

Resources - Author: Martina Ulrichs, Rachel Sabates-Wheeler / Year: 2018

Given the rise in humanitarian emergencies triggered by climate-related risks and conflict, often in contexts of chronic poverty and vulnerability, the international community is calling for the better integration of short-term humanitarian assistance and longer-term development interventions. In this context, social protection is increasingly portrayed as a policy tool...

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Older Women’s Economic Empowerment: A review of the literature

Resources - Author: Lucia Rost / Year: 2018

Women’s economic empowerment has gained increasing attention within the global development agenda in recent years, bolstered by the adoption of a range of relevant targets within the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) in 2015. Yet the specific experiences of older women often remain underexplored and unrecognised, leaving them invisible to...

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Between Work and Care: Older women’s economic empowerment

Resources - Author: Abigail Hunt, Emma Samman, Fiona Samuels, Georgia Plank, Lucia Rost / Year: 2018

Women’s economic empowerment has gained increasing attention within the global development agenda in recent years, bolstered by the adoption of a range of relevant targets within the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) in 2015. Yet the specific experiences of older women often remain underexplored and unrecognised, leaving them invisible to...

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Second-pillar Pension: Re-reforms in Bulgaria, Croatia, Estonia, Latvia, Macedonia, Romania, and Slovakia Benefit Payouts amidst Continuing Retrenchment (ESS Working Paper No. 72)

Resources - Author: Elaine Fultz, Kenichi Hirose / Year: 2018

Most analyses of Central and Eastern Europe’s (CEE) second-pension pillars focus on Hungary and Poland, the first CEE governments to establish such pillars (1997-1999) and the first to retrench them (2010-2011). However, as the regional front-runners in second-pillar creation and termination, Hungary and Poland differ in some important ways...

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Reversing Pension Privatization: The Case of Polish Pension Reform and Re-Reforms (ESS Working Paper No. 68)

Resources - Author: Krzysztof Hagemejer, Michał Polakowski / Year: 2018

This paper documents the reversal of pension privatization and the reforms that took place in the 1990s and 2000s in Poland. The report analyses the political economy of different reform proposals, and the characteristics of the new pension system, including laws enacted, coverage, benefit adequacy, financing and contribution rates,...

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Pension Privatization and Reversal of Pension Reforms in Argentina (ESS Working Paper No. 64)

Resources - Author: Carlos Grushka, Fabio Bertranou, Luis Casanova, Oscar Cetrángolo / Year: 2018

This paper documents the reversal of pension privatization and the reforms that took place in the 1990s and 2000s in Argentina. The report analyses the political economy of different reform proposals, and the characteristics of the new pension system, including laws enacted, coverage, benefit adequacy, financing and contribution rates,...

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Reversing Pension Privatization: Rebuilding public pension systems in Eastern European and Latin American countries 2000-18 (ESS Working Paper No. 63)

Resources - Author: Fabio Durán-Valverde, Isabel Ortiz, Stefan Urban, Veronika Wodsak, Zhiming Yu / Year: 2018

From 1981 to 2014, thirty countries privatized fully or partially their public mandatory pensions; as of 2018, eighteen countries have reversed the privatization. This report: (i) analyses the failure of mandatory private pensions to improve old-age income security and their underperformance in terms of coverage, benefits, administrative costs, transition...

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