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Second-pillar Pension: Re-reforms in Bulgaria, Croatia, Estonia, Latvia, Macedonia, Romania, and Slovakia Benefit Payouts amidst Continuing Retrenchment (ESS Working Paper No. 72)

Resources - Author: Elaine Fultz, Kenichi Hirose / Year: 2018

Most analyses of Central and Eastern Europe’s (CEE) second-pension pillars focus on Hungary and Poland, the first CEE governments to establish such pillars (1997-1999) and the first to retrench them (2010-2011). However, as the regional front-runners in second-pillar creation and termination, Hungary and Poland differ in some important ways...

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Reversing Pension Privatization: The Case of Polish Pension Reform and Re-Reforms (ESS Working Paper No. 68)

Resources - Author: Krzysztof Hagemejer, Michał Polakowski / Year: 2018

This paper documents the reversal of pension privatization and the reforms that took place in the 1990s and 2000s in Poland. The report analyses the political economy of different reform proposals, and the characteristics of the new pension system, including laws enacted, coverage, benefit adequacy, financing and contribution rates,...

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Pension Privatization and Reversal of Pension Reforms in Argentina (ESS Working Paper No. 64)

Resources - Author: Carlos Grushka, Fabio Bertranou, Luis Casanova, Oscar Cetrángolo / Year: 2018

This paper documents the reversal of pension privatization and the reforms that took place in the 1990s and 2000s in Argentina. The report analyses the political economy of different reform proposals, and the characteristics of the new pension system, including laws enacted, coverage, benefit adequacy, financing and contribution rates,...

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Reversing Pension Privatization: Rebuilding public pension systems in Eastern European and Latin American countries 2000-18 (ESS Working Paper No. 63)

Resources - Author: Fabio Durán-Valverde, Isabel Ortiz, Stefan Urban, Veronika Wodsak, Zhiming Yu / Year: 2018

From 1981 to 2014, thirty countries privatized fully or partially their public mandatory pensions; as of 2018, eighteen countries have reversed the privatization. This report: (i) analyses the failure of mandatory private pensions to improve old-age income security and their underperformance in terms of coverage, benefits, administrative costs, transition...

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Universal Basic Income

Resources - Year: 2018

Universal basic income refers to unconditional cash transfers to everyone in a society regardless of their income, employment status, job search, or other key criteria. The concept differs from traditional forms of social protection, which tend to provide income support or services to people experiencing specific contingencies, i.e., due...

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The Commitment to Reducing Inequality Index 2018: A global ranking of governments based on what they are doing to tackle the gap between rich and poor

Resources - Author: Matthew Martin, Max Lawson / Year: 2018

In 2015, the leaders of 193 governments promised to reduce inequality under Goal 10 of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). Without reducing inequality, meeting SDG 1 to eliminate poverty will be impossible. In 2017, Development Finance International (DFI) and Oxfam produced the first index to measure the commitment of...

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Material Hardship among Nonelderly Adults and Their Families in 2017: Implications for the Safety Net

Resources - Author: Dulce Gonzalez, Michael Karpman, Stephen Zuckerman / Year: 2018

Federal and state policymakers are weighing changes to federal programs that help low-income people meet their basic needs for food, medical care, and shelter. As policymakers consider these changes to the public safety net, they run the risk of increasing material hardship, which could have detrimental short- and long-term...

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Drinking Water, Sanitation and Hygiene in Schools: Global baseline report 2018

Resources - Year: 2018

The World Health Organization (WHO) and the United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF) are responsible for monitoring global progress towards water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) related Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) targets. The global effort to achieve sanitation and water for all by 2030 is extending beyond the household to include institutional...

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The role of zakat in the provision of social protection: a comparison between Jordan, Palestine and Sudan

Resources - Author: Anna Carolina Machado, Charlotte Bilo, Imane Helmy / Year: 2018

Zakat is one of the five pillars of Islam and considered a religious duty for wealthy people to help those in need through financial or in-kind contributions. In Muslim-majority countries, it has a long tradition of being part of the provision of social welfare. Countries vary significantly in the...

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How Does Resilience Change over Time? Tracking post-disaster recovery using mobile phone surveys

Resources - Author: Lindsey Jones; Paola Ballon; Johannes von Engelhardt / Year: 2018

Knowing how climate hazards affect people’s resilience over time is crucial in designing more effective development and humanitarian interventions. This is particularly important in post-disaster contexts, where people’s livelihood opportunities and wellbeing changes rapidly during the long road to recovery. Yet, to date, our knowledge of resilience is largely...

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