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Water and sanitation, migration and the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development

Resources - Author: Giselle Bernard, Guy Jobbins, Ian Langdown / Year: 2018

Key Messages Migration isn’t driven by a lack of water and sanitation services, but providing services can support successful migration. The barriers faced by migrants make achieving the SDGs’ ambitions of universal access more challenging. Challenges stem from failures in governance, not the amount of water available, numbers of...

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The local economy impacts of social cash transfers: a comparative analysis of seven sub-Saharan countries

Resources - Author: Benjamin Davis, J. Edward Taylor, Karen Thome, Mateusz Filipski, Sudhanshu Handa / Year: 2016

Africa has taken centre stage in the use of social cash transfer (SCT) programmes to combat extreme poverty and vulnerability. Between 2000 and 2009, over 120 cash transfer programmes were implemented in sub-Saharan Africa, by both governmental and non-governmental institutions (Garcia and Moore, 2012). These programmes increasingly form part...

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The household and individual-level economic impacts of cash transfer programmes in sub-Saharan Africa

Resources - Author: Benjamin Davis, Paul Winters, Silvio Daidone, Sudhanshu Handa / Year: 2017

Results from seven recently completed rigorous impact evaluations of government-run unconditional social cash transfer programmes in sub-Saharan Africa show that these programmes have significant positive impacts on the livelihoods of beneficiary households. In Zambia, the Child Grant programme had large and positive impacts across an array of income generating...

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Qualitative research and analyses of the economic impacts of cash transfer programmes in Sub-Saharan Africa

Resources - Author: Jeremy Holland, Mosope Otulana, Pamela Pozarny, Simon Brook, Valentina Barca / Year: 2015

Support for (CT) programmes has been growing in sub-Saharan Africa over the last ten years. Since late 2004, the African Union has provided encouragement to countries to develop their own social policy frameworks, with a Plan of Action supported by governments that commits member states to expanding and empowering...

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Myth-busting? Confronting Six Common Perceptions about Unconditional Cash Transfers as a Poverty Reduction Strategy in Africa

Resources - Author: Amber Peterman, Audrey Pereira, Benjamin Davis, Jennifer Yablonski, Silvio Daidone, Sudhanshu Handa, Tia Palermo / Year: 2017

In this paper we summarize evidence on six perceptions associated with cash transfer programming, using eight rigorous evaluations conducted on large-scale government unconditional cash transfers in sub-Saharan Africa, under the Transfer Project. Specifically, we investigate if transfers: 1) induce higher spending on alcohol or tobacco; 2) are fully consumed...

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Universal Basic Income proposals in light of ILO standards: Key issues and global costing (ESS ─ Working Paper No. 62)

Resources - Author: Andrés Acuña-Ulate, Christina Behrendt, Isabel Ortiz, Quynh Anh Nguyen / Year: 2018

This paper reviews proposals for a Universal Basic Income (UBI) in light of ILO standards. Some UBI proposals have the potential to advance equity and social justice, while others may result in a net welfare loss. The ILO Social Protection Floors Recommendation (No. 202) includes a number of principles...

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Labor Institutions and Development Under Globalization

Resources - Author: Jeronim Capaldo, Servaas Storm / Year: 2018

Labor market regulation is a controversial area of public policy in both developed and developing countries. Mainstream economic analysis traditionally portrays legal interventions providing for minimum wages, unemployment insurance and (often only a modicum of) employment protection as ‘luxuries’ developing countries cannot afford. After decades of de-regulatory advice, international...

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From principles to practice: A method for identifying income sufficiency when applying International Legal Standards (ESS — Working Paper No. 61)

Resources - Author: Sanjay G. Reddy / Year: 2018

This paper gives content to the idea of a minimum income as reflected in ILO Conventions and Recommendations. It also aims to provide some practical guidance as to how such minima can best be operationalized. The practical purpose of this analysis is to define a reference income level that...

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Is biometric technology in social protection programmes illegal or arbitrary? An analysis of privacy and data protection (ESS ─ Working Paper No. 59)

Resources - Author: Magdalena Sepúlveda / Year: 2018

Social protection programmes require processing significant data amounts, including often-sensitive information such as household assets, health status and physical or intellectual disabilities. Increasingly, social protection programmes use unique, intimate biometric-technology data such as fingerprints, iris structure and face topologies. Inextricably linked to the individual body, they are more sensitive...

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Innovative approaches for ensuring universal social protection for the future of work

Resources - Author: Christina Behrendt, Quynh Anh Nguyen / Year: 2018

Social protection systems around the world face challenges to provide full and effective coverage for workers in all forms of employment, including those in “new” forms of employment. While some emerging work and employment arrangements may provide greater flexibility for workers and employers, they may lead to significant gaps...

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Toward more inclusive measures of economic well-being: Debates and practices

Resources - Author: Günseli Berik / Year: 2018

This paper reviews debates and practice around the conventional and alternative measures of economic well-being. It presents alternative aggregate indicators, broadly referred to as “Beyond GDP”, that track non-market contributions to well-being, including household production and ecosystem services. Evaluating the major contending measures–Genuine Progress Indicator, Human Development Index, Happiness/lifeevaluation...

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The architecture of digital labour platforms: Policy recommendations on platform design for worker well-being

Resources - Author: Sangeet Paul Choudary / Year: 2018

Digital labour platforms connect workers with consumers of this work and provide the infrastructure and the governance conditions for the exchange of work and its compensation. Yet the architecture, or business model design, of digital labour platforms has important consequences for workers, affecting whether they are empowered or exploited...

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Universal Social Protection Country Cases

Resources - Year: 2018

Countries have used many options to finance universal social protection. Those options include: (i) re-allocating public expenditures (e.g., from financing public subsidies to financing specific programs); (ii) increasing tax revenues, including revenue generated from taxation of natural resources; (iii) using the reductions of debt or debt servicing; (iv) expanding...

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Growth and Inequality in Pakistan (Volume I)

Resources - Author: Hafiz Pasha / Year: 2018

The theme of the book is Growth and Inequality. These are the two fundamental problems with the economy of the Pakistan. The rate of economic growth has barely touched 5 percent over the last decade. Simultaneously, the economic and social structure have perpetuated high income, wealth and regional disparities....

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Welfare Conditionality: Sanctions, Support and Behaviour Change

Resources - Author: Peter Dwyer / Year: 2018

This overview summarises the final findings of the Welfare Conditionality project (2013-2018). It presents analysis on the effectiveness, impacts and ethics of welfare conditionality, and the sanctions and mandatory support that underpin this approach. Discussion draws on analyses of qualitative data generated in interviews with 52 policy stakeholders, 27...

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