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Exclusion by Design: an assessment of the effectiveness of the proxy means test poverty targeting mechanism (ESS Working Paper No. 56)

Resources - Author: Bjorn Gelders, Diloá Bailey-Athias, Stephen Kidd / Year: 2017

This paper assesses the effectiveness of the proxy means test (PMT) targeting methodology. It brings together international evidence to show that it is both inaccurate and arbitrary. The mechanism suffers from high in-built design errors, additional errors introduced during implementation, and infrequent surveys, meaning that it cannot respond to...

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Cash transfers: what does the evidence say? A rigorous review of programme impact and of the role of design and implementation features

Resources - Author: Francesca Bastagli, Georgina Sturge and Tanja Schmidt, Jessica Hagen-Zanker, Luke Harman, Valentina Barca, with Luca Pellerano / Year: 2016

Cash transfers have been increasingly adopted by countries worldwide as central elements of their social protection and poverty reduction strategies. A growing number of studies provide rigorous evidence on the impact of cash transfers, and the role of specific cash transfer design and implementation features in shaping outcomes. This...

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Case Study On The St. Lucia National Eligibility Test

Resources - Author: Debbie Budlender / Year: 2014

Establishing gender and child responsive social protection schemes that ensure universal access to health care including maternity care, and basic income security, will protect women and their families from the effects of economic shocks and crises that may result in job and wage losses. UN Women and UNICEF through...

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Conditional Cash Transfers: Learning from the literature

Resources - Author: Debbie Budlender / Year: 2014

Eastern Caribbean countries are currently developing and implementing substantial social safety net reforms. Governments of six Eastern Caribbean countries conducted social safety net assessments in 2009 – 2010, with the support of UN Women and UNICEF in partnership with the World Bank. These reforms, which have been ongoing for...

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Conditional Cash Transfer: A policy brief

Resources - Author: Debbie Budlender / Year: 2014

Eastern Caribbean countries are currently developing and implementing substantial social safety net reforms. In 2009 – 2010, UNICEF and UN Women in partnership with the World Bank supported the governments of six countries in the OECS sub-region to conduct national social safety net assessments. A striking feature of the...

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Making Social Policy Work for Women

Resources - Year: 2015

Social policy is fundamental to the quest for social justice, women’s rights and gender equality. Defined broadly as a set of public interventions that affect the welfare and well-being of citizens, social policy is typically understood to cover issues such as income security, health, housing and education. It is...

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Social Security Act 1991

Legal depository - Country: Australia / Year: 1991

This act was established to regulate the payment of certain pensions, benefits and allowances, and for related purposes. The Social Security Act (SSA) replaces the Social Security Act 1947. Link to...

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Social transfers and poverty in middle- and high- income countries – A global perspective

Resources - Author: Joakim Palme, Kenneth Nelson, Tommy Ferrarini / Year: 2015

This study investigates an old question that has re-emerged in social policy making and in analyses of global social development: to what extent does targeting and size of social transfers matter for poverty? Using multilevel logistic regression and Cross- National Data Center in Luxembourg (LIS) income data for 40...

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How can Social Protection Provide Social Justice for Women?

Resources - Author: Hania Sholkamy / Year: 2011

A feminist social protection programme recognises and enhances women’s identity as citizens and enables them to assume the roles they choose and fulfil the obligations they value. It is an approach that defines, targets and alleviates poverty in accordance with the views, priorities and experiences of the women beneficiaries...

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Coherent Constitutions and the Right to Social Protection for Adopted Children in Taiwan

Legal depository - Country: China, Taiwan / Body: Judicial Yuan (Constitutional Interpretation Agency) (China) / Year: 2002

The Judicial Yuan, a body responsible for interpreting the Constitution, examined the constitutionality of provisions in the Statute for Labor Insurance preventing children adopted within less than six months of the death of their adoptive parents from collecting social insurance benefits as survivors. The Court held that despite the...

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The Human Rights Approach to Social Protection

Resources - Author: Carly Nyst, Magdalena Sepúlveda /

This report sets out to elaborate and promote a human rights framework for social protection, identifying best practices and disseminating lessons learned. It provides an in-depth analysis of the application of central human rights principles of the human rights framework – equality and non-discrimination (including accessibility, acceptability, affordability and the incorporation...

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Social Security (Minimum Standards) Convention, 1952 (No. 102)

Legal depository - Year: 1952

A reference for the development of social security systems, Convention No. 102 is the flagship of the up-to-date social security Conventions since it is deemed to embody the internationally accepted definition of the very principle of social security.  Convention No. 102 is unique for both its conceptual formulation of social security,...

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Social Protection Floors Recommendation, 2012 (No. 202)

Legal depository - Year: 2012

Recommendation No. 202 is the first international instrument to offer guidance to countries to close social security gaps and progressively achieve universal protection through the establishment and maintenance of comprehensive social security systems. To this aim, the Recommendation calls for (1) the implementation, as a priority, of social protection...

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Report on Cash transfer programmes (CTPs) from a human rights perspective (A/HRC/11/9), submitted by the independent expert on the question of human rights and extreme poverty, Magdalena Sepúlveda Carmona

Resources - Author: Magdalena Sepúlveda / Year: 2009

This report focuses on cash transfer programmes (CTPs) from a human rights perspective. CTPs are non-contributory programmes  providing payments in the form of cash to individuals or households. The primary objective of  CTPs is to increase the real income of beneficiaries in order to enable a minimum level of  consumption within...

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Eligibility criteria and entitlement conditions (including conditionalities)

In accordance with human rights standards, complying with the principle of non-discrimination means  that all eligibility criteria must be objective, reasonable, and transparent. Targeted social protection must be implemented with the intention of progressively providing universal coverage. Under international human rights law, States have an obligation to immediately meet...

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Universality of Protection

States parties to major human rights instruments related to economic, social and cultural rights such as the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (ICESCR) have an immediate minimum core obligation to ensure the satisfaction of, at the very least, minimum essential levels of all economic, social and...

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Do Targeting Techniques Tend to be Incompatible with the Human Rights Standards of Transparency and Access to Information?

Expert commentaries - Date: 3 April 2014 / Author: Nicholas Freeland

Targeting Techniques and Human Rights Standards of Transparency and Access to Information Poverty targeting presents many problems in terms of accuracy and reliability, but common methods for identifying the poor are also problematic in terms of human rights standards of transparency and access to information. Let us look from...

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