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Challenges in Long-Term Care of the Elderly in Central and Eastern Europe

Resources - Author: Kenichi Hirose, Zofia Czepulis-Rutkowska / Year: 2016

Long-term care of the elderly is an imminent policy issue for countries facing profound demographic transformations due to ageing. Central and Eastern European (CEE) countries face complex challenges in securing accessible, adequate and sustainable long-term care. While CEE countries anticipate a growing number of elderly persons in need of...

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The Right to Affordable Care in the United States of America

Legal depository - Country: United States of America / Body: Supreme Court of the United States / Year: 2015

Nature of the Case This case came before the Supreme Court on appeal, and constitutes a challenge to one aspect of the Affordable Care Act, specifically regarding whether subsidies can be provided to low-income people buying health insurance through federal exchanges. These subsidies are vital in enabling people to...

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Provision of Basic Healthcare Services by Non-State Actors in Arab Countries: Benefits and Risks

Resources - Author: Allison Minor, Katherine Brooks / Year: 2013

Basic social services such as education, water and sanitation, healthcare and housing are intended to meet essential human needs. States are given the task of guaranteeing equal access to these services, either through direct provision or through the regulation of services provided by other institutions, such as businesses or...

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Global evidence on inequities in rural health protection: New data on rural deficits in health coverage for 174 countries

Resources - Author: Xenia Scheil-Adlung / Year: 2015

This paper presents global estimates on rural/urban disparities in access to health-care services. The report uses proxy indicators to assess key dimensions of coverage and access involving the core principles of universality and equity. Based on the results of the estimates, policy options are discussed to close the gaps...

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Medical Care Recommendation, 1944 (No. 69)

Legal depository - Year: 1944

Together with Recommendation No. 67 and Recommendation No. 69 is at the origin of the development of social security in ILO instruments and can be considered the blueprint for comprehensive social security systems. Together, they establish a comprehensive system of income security and medical care protection for each of...

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Medical Care and Sickness Benefits Convention, 1969 (No. 130)

Legal depository - Year: 1969

Convention No. 130 covers both the contingency of medical care benefits and cash sickness benefit reflecting the trend to establish comprehensive health insurance systems. All employees, including apprentices, or at least 75 per cent of the whole economically active population, or all residents whose means do not exceed certain...

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Social Security (Minimum Standards) Convention, 1952 (No. 102)

Legal depository - Year: 1952

A reference for the development of social security systems, Convention No. 102 is the flagship of the up-to-date social security Conventions since it is deemed to embody the internationally accepted definition of the very principle of social security.  Convention No. 102 is unique for both its conceptual formulation of social security,...

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Social Protection Floors Recommendation, 2012 (No. 202)

Legal depository - Year: 2012

Recommendation No. 202 is the first international instrument to offer guidance to countries to close social security gaps and progressively achieve universal protection through the establishment and maintenance of comprehensive social security systems. To this aim, the Recommendation calls for (1) the implementation, as a priority, of social protection...

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Addressing the Global Health Crisis: Universal Health Protection Policies

Resources - Author: ILO / Year: 2014

This policy paper: (i) examines the dimensions of the global health crisis based on severe deficits in health protection and limited access to health care; (ii) presents the extent of the health crisis at global, regional and national level as well as rural/urban divergences within countries and their root causes; (iii)...

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Persons living with HIV/AIDS or other chronic illnesses

  When individuals and communities are able to realize their rights — to education, social security,  information and, most importantly, non-discrimination — the personal and societal impacts of HIV and AIDS and other chronic illnesses are reduced. Often persons living with HIV/AIDS and other chronic illnesses often face difficulties...

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Health care, long-term care and sickness benefits

Health coverage, and particularly access to health care when it is needed, is crucial for human well-being. In addition, of all the elements of social protection, health care is most essential to the economy as a whole and to economic recovery in particular. Against this background, health protection schemes...

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Equality and Non-discrimination

Non-discrimination and equality are core elements of the international human rights normative framework. Article 2 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR) states that every human being is entitled to all rights and freedoms “without distinction of any kind, such as race, colour, sex, language, religion, political or...

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Unpacking the ILO’s Social Protection Floor Recommendation (2012) from a Women’s Rights Perspective

Expert commentaries - Date: 15 September 2014 / Author: Lucie Lamarche

ILO and the right to social security: implicit assumptions about women The twentieth century witnessed the development of national social security and social protection mechanisms aimed at providing economic, social and public answers to address social risks. Social security schemes were based on the assumption that either women were...

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