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WHO QualityRights Guidance and Training tools

Resources - Year: 2017

As part of the QualityRights Initiative, WHO has developed a comprehensive package of training and guidance modules. The modules can be used to build capacity among mental health practitioners, people with psychosocial, intellectual and cognitive disabilities, people using mental health services, families, care partners and other supporters, NGOs, DPOs...

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Dignity and Autonomy in Enforcing Public Health in Kenya

Legal depository - Country: Kenya / Body: High Court of Kenya / Year: 2016

Nature of the Case Two men successfully challenged their imprisonment, purportedly pursuant to the Public Health Act, for failure to take prescribed tuberculosis (TB) medication. Summary In 2010, Daniel Ng’etich and Patrick Kipng’etich Kirui were arrested by the Public Health Officer, Nandi Central District Tuberculosis Defaulter Tracing Coordinator, who...

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Adolescent Sexual Rights in Peru

Legal depository - Country: Peru / Body: Human Rights Committee / Year: 2005

Nature of the Case In views adopted under the Optional Protocol to the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, the UN Human Rights Committee held the Peruvian government accountable for failing to ensure access to legal abortion services essential to the health of the petitioner, thus violating her...

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Summary Reflection Guide on a Human Rights-Based Approach to Health: Application to sexual and reproductive health, maternal health and under-5 child health

Resources -

This quick reference guide intended to contribute to the efforts of NHRIs/IHRICs to effectively and meaningfully implement a human rights-based approach (HRBA) to sexual and reproductive health, maternal health2 and under-5 child health. It complements other tools and builds on the two technical guidance documents of the Office of...

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Extending Health Coverage to All (China)

Resources - Year: 2016

Between 2003 and 2013, the number of people covered by the health insurance system in China increased by ten times and has now achieved universal coverage (96.9 per cent of the population). This brief explores China’s experience in extending health...

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Women’s sexual and reproductive rights in the Philippines

Legal depository - Country: Philippines / Body: Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination against Women / Year: 2015

Summary In 1991, the Philippines delegated responsibility for “people’s health and safety” to the local level. In exercise of this power, an executive order 003 (“EO 003”) was issued in Manila, in 2000 which declared that the city would take an “affirmative stand on pro-life issues”. In response to...

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Equal access to health and family planning information for all women in Hungary

Legal depository - Country: Hungary / Body: Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination against Women / Year: 2006

The communication was filed with regards to the alleged forced sterilization of an ethnic Roma woman by medical staff pursuant to an emergency caesarian section that was required to remove a deceased fetus. The Committee found that previous medical care, the poor medical condition of the victim, A.S., upon...

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Access to abortion for poor, disabled woman amid conscientious objection in Argentina

Legal depository - Country: Argentina / Body: Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination against Women / Year: 2011, 28 April 2011

Summary: The communication was filed by the mother of a woman with a mental impairment amounting to a legal age of a child, concerning the response of public health and judicial institutions to her pregnancy resulting from rape.  After being refused by one hospital, a second hospital scheduled an...

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Duty to prevent discrimination by private health providers on grounds of gender, race or economic status in Brazil

Legal depository - Country: Brazil / Body: Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination against Women / Year: 2011

The communication represented the first instance of maternal mortality to be addressed by the international system of human rights, and examined accountability of health provision, in relation to compounding forms of discrimination. The victim was a poor woman of Afro-Brazilian ethnicity. The ethnic, socio-economic and gender factors were widely...

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Application of international provisions concerning maternal health in the Netherlands

Legal depository - Country: Netherlands / Body: Administrative High Court / Year: 1996

In force until 1996, Article 3(a) of “Besluit ziekenhuisverpleging ziekenfondsverzekering” (Decree  on health insurance and hospital care) required personal contributions from women towards the cost of postnatal care. Moreover, according to the explanatory note (“toelichting”) accompanying this Decree, personal contributions would also include postnatal care in hospitals regardless of...

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Global evidence on inequities in rural health protection: New data on rural deficits in health coverage for 174 countries

Resources - Author: Xenia Scheil-Adlung / Year: 2015

This paper presents global estimates on rural/urban disparities in access to health-care services. The report uses proxy indicators to assess key dimensions of coverage and access involving the core principles of universality and equity. Based on the results of the estimates, policy options are discussed to close the gaps...

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Medical Care Recommendation, 1944 (No. 69)

Legal depository - Year: 1944

Together with Recommendation No. 67 and Recommendation No. 69 is at the origin of the development of social security in ILO instruments and can be considered the blueprint for comprehensive social security systems. Together, they establish a comprehensive system of income security and medical care protection for each of...

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Medical Care and Sickness Benefits Convention, 1969 (No. 130)

Legal depository - Year: 1969

Convention No. 130 covers both the contingency of medical care benefits and cash sickness benefit reflecting the trend to establish comprehensive health insurance systems. All employees, including apprentices, or at least 75 per cent of the whole economically active population, or all residents whose means do not exceed certain...

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Social Security (Minimum Standards) Convention, 1952 (No. 102)

Legal depository - Year: 1952

A reference for the development of social security systems, Convention No. 102 is the flagship of the up-to-date social security Conventions since it is deemed to embody the internationally accepted definition of the very principle of social security.  Convention No. 102 is unique for both its conceptual formulation of social security,...

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Social Protection Floors Recommendation, 2012 (No. 202)

Legal depository - Year: 2012

Recommendation No. 202 is the first international instrument to offer guidance to countries to close social security gaps and progressively achieve universal protection through the establishment and maintenance of comprehensive social security systems. To this aim, the Recommendation calls for (1) the implementation, as a priority, of social protection...

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Addressing the Global Health Crisis: Universal Health Protection Policies

Resources - Author: ILO / Year: 2014

This policy paper: (i) examines the dimensions of the global health crisis based on severe deficits in health protection and limited access to health care; (ii) presents the extent of the health crisis at global, regional and national level as well as rural/urban divergences within countries and their root causes; (iii)...

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Health

Social protection systems can help States in complying with their obligations regarding the right to health included under several human rights treaties (such as Article 12 of the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights). The right to the enjoyment of the highest attainable standard of physical and...

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