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Why Macroeconomic Policy Matters for Gender Equality

Resources - Author: James Heintz / Year: 2015

This brief synthesizes research findings, analysis and policy recommendations on creating an alternative gender-responsive macroeconomic agenda. Macroeconomic policy, including fiscal and monetary policy, is often thought of as gender-neutral. But economic policy choices affect women and men differently because of their different positions in the economy, both market (paid)...

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Social Budgeting

Resources - Author: Krzysztof Hagemejer, Michael Cichon, Wolfgang Scholz / Year: 2000

The first part of the book provides guidance for designing a social accounting system. The second part shows how the relationships between the economy and the social protection system can be translated into a quantitative model which permits projections and simulations to be carried out. Includes two concrete country...

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Equity in financing and use of health care in Ghana, South Africa, and Tanzania: implications for paths to universal coverage

Resources - Author: Anne Mills, Bertha Garshong, Bronwyn Harris, Filip Meheus, Gemini Mtei, James Akazili, Jane Macha, Jo Borghi, John E Ataguba, Prof Di McIntyre, Suzan Makawia / Year: 2012

Universal coverage of health care is now receiving substantial worldwide and national attention, but debate continues on the best mix of financing mechanisms, especially to protect people outside the formal employment sector. Crucial issues are the equity implications of different financing mechanisms, and patterns of service use. This report provides...

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Financing social protection

Resources - Author: Arthur van de Meerendonk, Fabio Bertranou, Krzysztof Hagemejer, Michael Cichon, Pierre Plamondon, Wolfgang Scholz / Year: 2004

Designing social protection systems that are effective and equitable as well as fiscally, financially and economically efficient has been a challenge for many countries. This book offers a comprehensive overview of the many financing options available while also provides a thorough analysis of their advantages and disadvantages and their...

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Adoption of principles of collective financing and social solidarity in Bolivia

Legal depository - Country: Bolivia / Body: ILO Committee of Experts on the Application of Conventions and Recommendations / Year: 2011

In 2010 Bolivia adopted a new constitution that established a new hierarchy of legal standards by giving precedence of international instruments ratified by state over national laws. In the spirit of harmonizing existing law to the new Constitution, the State and the Bolivian Workers’ Federation (COB) signed a framework...

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Austerity measures that contravene Conventions by reducing social protection and increasing poverty in Greece

Legal depository - Country: Greece / Body: ILO Committee of Experts on the Application of Conventions and Recommendations / Year: 2014

Recalling previous recommendations, the Committee observed that the austerity measures in conjunction with the continuous contractions of the economy, employment and public finances posed a threat to the viability of the Greek national social security system, resulting in the impoverishment of the population, thus undermining the application of all...

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Social Security (Minimum Standards) Convention, 1952 (No. 102)

Legal depository - Year: 1952

A reference for the development of social security systems, Convention No. 102 is the flagship of the up-to-date social security Conventions since it is deemed to embody the internationally accepted definition of the very principle of social security.  Convention No. 102 is unique for both its conceptual formulation of social security,...

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Social Protection Floors Recommendation, 2012 (No. 202)

Legal depository - Year: 2012

Recommendation No. 202 is the first international instrument to offer guidance to countries to close social security gaps and progressively achieve universal protection through the establishment and maintenance of comprehensive social security systems. To this aim, the Recommendation calls for (1) the implementation, as a priority, of social protection...

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Fiscal Space for Social Protection: Options to Expand Social Investments in 187 Countries

Resources - Author: Isabel Ortiz, Kalaivani Karunanethy, Matthew Cummins / Year: 2015

It is often argued that social protection is not affordable or that government expenditure cuts are inevitable during adjustment periods. But there are alternatives, even in the poorest countries. This working paper offers an array of options that can be explored to expand fiscal space and generate resources for...

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Equitable financing and solidarity

Ensuring the equitable and sustainable financing of national social protection schemes is one of the key challenges for policy makers. ILO Recommendation No. 202  underlines the principles of solidarity in financing as well as financial, fiscal and economic sustainability with due regard to social justice and equity. Social protection...

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