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Are Human Rights Relevant to Economic Inequality? A response through the lens of social protection

Expert commentaries - Date: 7 November 2018 / Author: Ignacio Saiz, Kate Donald

In recent months, a debate has flared in academic and philanthropy circles around the extent to which the human rights framework can serve to challenge rising economic inequality. Naysayers can be found on different sides of the ideological spectrum. Some, such as Yale historian Samuel Moyn, argue that the...

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Second-pillar Pension: Re-reforms in Bulgaria, Croatia, Estonia, Latvia, Macedonia, Romania, and Slovakia Benefit Payouts amidst Continuing Retrenchment (ESS Working Paper No. 72)

Resources - Author: Elaine Fultz, Kenichi Hirose / Year: 2018

Most analyses of Central and Eastern Europe’s (CEE) second-pension pillars focus on Hungary and Poland, the first CEE governments to establish such pillars (1997-1999) and the first to retrench them (2010-2011). However, as the regional front-runners in second-pillar creation and termination, Hungary and Poland differ in some important ways...

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Reversing Pension Privatization: The Case of Polish Pension Reform and Re-Reforms (ESS Working Paper No. 68)

Resources - Author: Krzysztof Hagemejer, Michał Polakowski / Year: 2018

This paper documents the reversal of pension privatization and the reforms that took place in the 1990s and 2000s in Poland. The report analyses the political economy of different reform proposals, and the characteristics of the new pension system, including laws enacted, coverage, benefit adequacy, financing and contribution rates,...

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Pension Privatization and Reversal of Pension Reforms in Argentina (ESS Working Paper No. 64)

Resources - Author: Carlos Grushka, Fabio Bertranou, Luis Casanova, Oscar Cetrángolo / Year: 2018

This paper documents the reversal of pension privatization and the reforms that took place in the 1990s and 2000s in Argentina. The report analyses the political economy of different reform proposals, and the characteristics of the new pension system, including laws enacted, coverage, benefit adequacy, financing and contribution rates,...

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Reversing Pension Privatization: Rebuilding public pension systems in Eastern European and Latin American countries 2000-18 (ESS Working Paper No. 63)

Resources - Author: Fabio Durán-Valverde, Isabel Ortiz, Stefan Urban, Veronika Wodsak, Zhiming Yu / Year: 2018

From 1981 to 2014, thirty countries privatized fully or partially their public mandatory pensions; as of 2018, eighteen countries have reversed the privatization. This report: (i) analyses the failure of mandatory private pensions to improve old-age income security and their underperformance in terms of coverage, benefits, administrative costs, transition...

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Reversing Pension Privatizations: Rebuilding public pension systems in Eastern Europe and Latin America

Resources - Author: Carlos Grushka, Carmelo Mesa Lago, Dorottya Szikra, Elaine Fultz, Elena Maltseva, Fabio Bertranou, Fabio Durán-Valverde, Francisco Peña-Jarrín, Isabel Ortiz, Karlos Navarro Medal, Kenichi Hirose, Krzysztof Hagemejer, Luis Casanova, Luis Eduardo Díaz, Michał Polakowski, Oscar Cetrángolo, Saltanat Janenova, Stefan Urban, Veronika Wodsak, Zhiming Yu / Year: 2018

From 1981 to 2014, thirty countries privatized fully or partially their public mandatory pensions. Fourteen countries were in Latin America (by chronological order, Chile, Peru, Argentina, Colombia, Uruguay, Bolivia, Mexico, Venezuela, El Salvador, Nicaragua, Costa Rica, Ecuador, Dominican Republic and Panama), another fourteen countries in Eastern Europe and the...

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Universal Basic Income

Resources - Year: 2018

Universal basic income refers to unconditional cash transfers to everyone in a society regardless of their income, employment status, job search, or other key criteria. The concept differs from traditional forms of social protection, which tend to provide income support or services to people experiencing specific contingencies, i.e., due...

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Effects of foreign debt and other related financial obligations of States on the full enjoyment of all human rights, particularly economic, social and cultural rights (A/73/179)

Resources - Author: Juan Pablo Bohoslavsky / Year: 2018

In the present report, the Independent Expert discusses the impact of economic reforms, in particular austerity and fiscal consolidation measures, on women’s human rights. He argues that the prevailing current economic system is based on various forms of gender discrimination. The value of unpaid work and its contribution to...

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The Commitment to Reducing Inequality Index 2018: A global ranking of governments based on what they are doing to tackle the gap between rich and poor

Resources - Author: Matthew Martin, Max Lawson / Year: 2018

In 2015, the leaders of 193 governments promised to reduce inequality under Goal 10 of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). Without reducing inequality, meeting SDG 1 to eliminate poverty will be impossible. In 2017, Development Finance International (DFI) and Oxfam produced the first index to measure the commitment of...

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Human Rights, Sustainable Development and Climate Policies: Connecting the Dots

Resources - Year: 2018

This Toolbox aims to help civil society promote an integrated and coherent human rights-based approach to sustainable development, poverty eradication and environmental justice by: Highlighting the importance of rights-based monitoring of sustainable development/climate change policies and how violations of human rights can harm or hinder the implementation of SDGs...

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An Employment Right- Standard Provisions for Working Women Experiencing Domestic Violence

Resources - Author: Anna Lee Fos-Tuvera, Jane Aeberhard-Hodges, Ludo McFerran / Year: 2018

In many countries the majority of those experiencing domestic violence are in paid employment. Maintaining employment and economic independence is a critical pathway to reducing the impacts of domestic violence of homelessness and unemployment. Yet, the workplace is not firmly part of an integrated global response to reducing the...

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Material Hardship among Nonelderly Adults and Their Families in 2017: Implications for the Safety Net

Resources - Author: Dulce Gonzalez, Michael Karpman, Stephen Zuckerman / Year: 2018

Federal and state policymakers are weighing changes to federal programs that help low-income people meet their basic needs for food, medical care, and shelter. As policymakers consider these changes to the public safety net, they run the risk of increasing material hardship, which could have detrimental short- and long-term...

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Drinking Water, Sanitation and Hygiene in Schools: Global baseline report 2018

Resources - Year: 2018

The World Health Organization (WHO) and the United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF) are responsible for monitoring global progress towards water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) related Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) targets. The global effort to achieve sanitation and water for all by 2030 is extending beyond the household to include institutional...

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